Climate Change and the Fall of Civilizations

compare-and-contrast-mesopotamia-and-egypt-1Four thousand years ago in Mesopotamia, the area we today call Iraq, the Akkadian and Summerian civilizations flourished. Three thousand years ago a network of advanced civilizations included the Old Kingdom of  Egypt (2649–2150 B.C.) early Bronze Age cities in Palestine, and the early Minoan civilization. Eight hundred years later the population abruptly left their homes and fled south, abandoning the cities due to a drought that lasted 300 years.  The latest research shows how subtle shifts in atmospheric circulation could have scorched Mesopotamia and the greater region leading to drought, famine, civil unrest and mass migration. Continue reading

ISLAM AT CHRISTMAS

Surprisingly,  there are more similarities than differences  between Christianity and Islam. 

shine_quranThe definition of a Muslim is ‘One who surrenders to the will of God’. Mohammed is acknowledged by the faithful as the final messenger sent from God; chosen to receive verbal communication from Archangel Gabriel, to guide mankind to the last days. This became the Quran.

Jesus is revered by Muslims as a prophet and and referred to under various titles, the most common being al-Masīḥ  (“the Messiah”). Muslims believe that Jesus will return to earth near The Day of Judgement to restore justice and to defeat al-Masih ad-Dajjal  (“the false messiah”. (also known as the Anti Christ). Jesus is named in the Quran more often than the patriarchs, Moses (136 times) or Abraham (69 times). His Islamic name is Isa ‘the word of truth’ and he is referred to as “Ibn Maryam” (son of Mary).  Muslims believe Jesus was  sent by God as a final prophet to guide the children of Israel; he is unique in being the only prophet in Islam who neither married nor had any children Continue reading

JUST GEOGRAPHY!

To begin to understand what is meant by Peace we must understand what is meant by War. Defense is the usual cloak worn to justify attack.

Wars are driven by conquest and plunder.

Resources are essential to the survival of empires,

Military might is essential to achieve access and occupation.

The invasion of Afghanistan presented as a war directed against the Taliban and Al Qaeda, to eliminate “Islamic terrorism” is now acknowledged as  a war of plunder to control resources. The objective – to sustain a geopolitical foothold in Central Asia and install western style ‘democracy’.Map_of_Central_AsiaStanding at the crossroads of pipeline routes and major oil and gas reserves, Afghanistan is a land bridge bordering on the former Soviet Union, China and Iran, it is acknowledged as a strategic hub in Central Asia, The invasion was a means to secure control  over the strategic trans-Afghan transport corridor which links the Caspian sea basin to the Arabian sea. Continue reading

WAS IT ABOUT OIL?

 In a CNN interview of October 2015 former British Prime Minister Tony Blair angered many when he made a token acknowledgment of his ‘mistakes’ over the Iraq War admitting there were ‘elements of truth’ to the view that the invasion helped promote the rise of ISL as a global terrorist group.

Hans Blix who headed the U.N. inspections in Iraq at the time of the war 220px-Hans_Blix_in_Vienna_2002 has said in his memoirs. “Today, I look again at the reasons why this terrible mistake — and violation of the U.N. charter — took place and explore if any lessons be drawn –

  • The war aimed to eliminate weapons of mass destruction, but there weren’t any.
  • The war aimed to eliminate Al Qaeda in Iraq, but the terrorist group didn’t exist in the country until after the invasion.
  • The war aimed to make Iraq a model democracy based on law, but it replaced tyranny with anarchy and led America to practices that violated the laws of war.
  • The war aimed to transform Iraq to a friendly base for U.S. troops capable to act, if needed, against Iran — but instead it gave Iran a new ally in Baghdad

So was it about Oil?  Iraq has the second largest proven oil reserves in the world; the domestic oil industry was fully nationalised and closed to Western oil companies in 1972 and the   four major oil companies based in the US and the UK were excluded from contracts. Following the invasion in 2003 and  a decade of war,  the industry was largely privatised and completely dominated by foreign firms. Iraq’s oil production increased by more than 40% over five years to 3 million barrels of oil a day but 80% of this was exported out of the country while Iraqis struggled to meet basic energy consumption needs. Basic services such as water and electricity remained luxuries, with a quarter of the population living in poverty.

Quotes

 “Of course it’s about oil; we can’t really deny that,” Gen. John Abizaid, Head of U.S. Central Command and Military Operations in Iraq, in 2007.,

“I am saddened that it is politically inconvenient to acknowledge what everyone knows: the Iraq war is largely about oil.”  Former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan

People say we’re not fighting for oil. Of course we are.” Former Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel 2007

Was it attempted genocide? In a paper for the Association of Genocide Scholars at the University of Manitoba, Professor Nagi of the School of Business at George Washington University cited a secret US Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA) document which he said amounted to “an early blueprint for genocide against the people of Iraq”. The DIA document revealed minute details of a fully workable method to ‘fully degrade the water treatment system’ of an entire nation” over a period of a decade. The sanctions policy would create “the conditions for widespread disease, including full scale epidemics,” thus “liquidating a significant portion of the population of Iraq”.

“Axis of Evil”… bush-cheney-rumsfeldGeneral Wesley Clark the former Supreme NATO Allied Commander and Joint Chiefs of Staff Director of Strategy and Policy, describes ((2003 – Winning Modern Wars) his conversation with a military officer in the Pentagon shortly after the 11 September attacks, regarding a plan to attack seven Middle Eastern countries in five years: “As I went back through the Pentagon in November 2001, one of the senior military staff officers had time for a chat. Yes, we were still on track for going against Iraq, he said. But there was more. This was being discussed as part of a five-year campaign plan, he said, and there were a total of seven countries, beginning with Iraq, then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Iran, Somalia and Sudan. ,,,,,,,,  Deja vu!

See also:

Regime change and Democracy 

Just Geography!

 

 

REGIME CHANGE and DEMOCRACY

‘Regime change’: A euphemism for overthrowing a government.

The Soviet war in Afghanistan was initially fought between the forces of the Afghanistan government and foreign mercenaries, Russia was asked to assist. In 1979.. The Soviets decided to remove Hafizullah Amin the ruler of Afghanistan, whose pro China/Pakistan affiliation was considered to be an impediment to the Soviet Unions potential power base in Central Asia. A Pro-Soviet Afghan Revolutionary Central Committee was installed. The entry of the Soviet Union resulted in an immediate increase in the presence of foreign mercenaries, massive military campaigns and the extensive destruction of local infrastructure This resulted in division, a loss of support for the Soviet military presence, and nation-wide resistance. About one million Afghan civilians were killed before the Soviet troop withdrawal.

In 1991 Operation Desert Storm, the invasion of Iraq was initiated by President George H W Bush  triggered by the annexing of Kuwait by Saddam Hussein. 

In 2002 Brent Scowcroft his former National Security Advisor, warned George Bush Jnr in a Wall Street Journal editorial entitled ‘Don’t attack Saddam’ – “Possibly the most dire consequences would be the effect in the region … there would be an explosion of outrage against us … the results could well destabilise Arab regimes”, and, “could even swell the ranks of the terrorists.”

2003 Operation Iraqi Freedom: 36 million people across the globe took part in almost 3,000 protests against the proposed invasion of Iraq. wearemanystillDespite this the United States launched the invasion. According to U.S. President George W Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair, the coalition mission was “to disarm Iraq of weapons of mass destruction, to end Saddam Hussein’s support for terrorism, and to free the Iraqi people.” The public were informed that the elimination of this brutal dictator would result in popular support for the invaders who would be welcomed as liberators. The US congress authorised the use of military force against Iraq under anti terrorism legislation confirming that it should be the policy of the United States to remove the Saddam Hussein regime and promote a democratic replacement. Many believe Al Quaeda’s expansion was the predictable outcome

 2015Thousands demonstrated in the UK to oppose the bombing of Syria a country already decimated by war with its infrastructure demolished. The UK Screen shot 2015-12-08 at 13.31.43parliament voted and bombing commenced within hours. By UN  estimates 10.8 million of the 22 million population of Syria are in need of humanitarian assistance, this includes  6.5 million internally displaced, often multiple times – 50 per cent more than in 2013. At the close of 2015 the UK population remain divided as to whether bombing Syria will be effective in stopping ISIS with many believing terrorist attacks in the UK will increase as a result.

Echoes of the past return to haunt us as we listen again to an earnest  Prime Minister and a sombre president;  Barack Obama and David CameronPrevious non existent ‘Weapons of mass destruction’ have morphed into ‘70,000 moderate fighters’ who we are confidently told will support Allied forces on the ground once a UK bombing campaign begins. 

We are again assured of minimal ‘Collateral damage’ a euphemism for people maimed and killed by the ‘smart bombs’ supposedly able to differentiate between targets. TV images of bombed wedding parties, hospitals, schools and homes with weeping fathers carrying their dead and injured children from the rubble do nothing to convince us. Bombs Reports: Syrian rebels seize oil field near Homs as we all know are impersonal, they have only one purpose – to kill.  When we bomb oil fields to ensure ISIS do not benefit, ordinary people are left without fuel for cooking and come one step closer to displacement to join the thousands of asylum seekers in Europe.460261876_d1 

Gold and the River

Screen shot 2015-08-14 at 23.13.06A gold mine  inactive since 1920 which spilled 3 million gallons of toxic mining waste into the Animas River in Colorado was accidentally breached  by Environmental Protection Agency contractors investigating there. Residents watched helplessly  as the yellow water moved downstream through the Animas Valley, into downtown Durango and on into New Mexico. There  it has choked off the main water supply for farmers along the way, before reaching  into Utah.  The main drinking water supply for towns such as Aztec and Farmington plus the 27,000 square-mile Navajo Nation are directly affected along with over 100 river miles. Continue reading

Reaping what we Sow

Some 30,000 years ago, the Paleo-Indians, the ancestors of Native Americans, followed herds of animals from Siberia across Beringia, a land bridge connecting Asia and North America, into Alaska. By 8,000 B.C.E., these peoples had spread across North and South America. The tribal peoples were diverse but all Indians lived in organized societies with political structures, moral codes, and religious beliefs. The idea of private land ownership was foreign; all land was held communally and worked collectively. Most of the Four Corners region belongs to semi-autonomous Native American nations, the largest of which is the Navajo Nation, followed by Hopi, Ute, and Zuni.

400px-4corner4 CORNERS REGION:  The United States acquired the four corners region from Mexico after the end of the Mexican–American War in 1848. Colorado Territory was created in 1861 and in 1863 Congress created Arizona Territory from the western part of New Mexico Territory. Gold was discovered in California just days before Mexico ceded the land to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Under the treaty, Mexico recognized the U.S. annexation of Texas, and agreed to sell California and the rest of its territory north of the Rio Grande for $15 million plus the assumption of certain damages claims.  The people of these newly created states share jurisdiction for the region along with  the Navajo Nation and Mountain Ute Tribe. Tribal nations living within the 4 Corners region  include the Hopi and other Ute. Continue reading

Last Call

 HOPI PROPHECY ROCK: Oraibi  Arizona: The Hopi believe that there have been 3 worlds before this one and that we are inhabiting the 4th world of creation. Their legends tell of those who were saved from the Great Flood who made a sacred covenant with the Great Spirit.   Ears of corn of different sizes were placed before the leaders of the four different racial groups  each was to choose which would be their food in this world. The Hopi waited until last and picked the smallest ear of corn. At this, the Great Spirit said: “It is well done. You have obtained the real corn, for all the others are imitations in which are hidden seeds of different plants. You have shown me your intelligence; for this reason I will place in your hands these sacred stone tablets, Tiponi, symbol of power and authority over all land and life to guard, protect, and hold in trust for me until I shall return to you in a later day, for I am the First and I am the Last.” Continue reading

Bubbles always burst

It used to be said that when the USA sneezes the world catches a cold. 1404442666Governments all around the world are poised, proverbial handkerchiefs in hand as China the second largest trading nation, devalues its currency. A move we are told which will affect the global economy. Why then was so little prominence given to the recent stock market crash described (by a Chinese financier) as ‘greater in its impact than the stock market crash of 1929’. The financial crash of 2008 has faded from our memory despite its legacy of unemployment, food banks, homelessness and bankruptcy. Unable to accept the reality of the failing banking system we refuse to seek alternatives and watch as nations fall prey to the ‘money as debt’ cycle. Continue reading

Global Migration – A Return

Screen shot 2015-08-02 at 18.04.47As a child of around 8 I was disturbed by a recurring vision I did not understand. I could clearly see the continent of Africa with which I was familiar from my school books, it was like viewing a map. As I watched, the map began to burn slowly, beginning at the top slightly to the left of centre then moving to the left and right where it it burned more quickly until the whole of the top section was alight. At this point the vision would fade, leaving me perplexed. Continue reading