PANDEMIC POINTS TO PONDER

Of a global population of 7.8 billion the pandemic has resulted in an estimated 5 million deaths worldwide with a fatality rate of 3.4%.  To gain  perspective, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death globally, taking an estimated 17.9 million lives each year, cancer is the second with almost 10 million and 5 million people die of stroke annually.  The numerous complex factors in deciding how best to manage the pandemic has led to uncertainty, fear and anxiety with anger directed at governments. After two years, statistics are showing some surprising results. We are repeatedly told that governments are guided by the science and their medical advisors, as they ponder the options let us hope they will give equal value to the statistics which raise many questions.

CONFIRMED GLOBAL CASES

 

VACCINATION MAP HIGHLIGHTS THE DISPARITY BETWEEN WEALTHY AND UNDER DEVELOPED COUNTRIES.

December 2021

  • SYRIA  with 1.8 million refugees living in tented camps has a total population of 17.5 million with 49,806 covid cases and 2,850 deaths. Only 4.4% of the population are vaccinated. (There were 55 new cases reported  20th December 2021 compared with 91,734 in the UK.)
  • AFGHANISTAN  population 40,20,656 million. Total confirmed covid cases of 158,000  with 7,335 deaths. Only 9.2% are fully vaccinated.
  • YEMEN population 29.83 million. Total confirmed covid cases of 10,102  with 1,977 reported deaths. Only 1.2% of the population are vaccinated.

AFRICA a continent of 54 countries and 1.3 billion people has seen 9,205,000 confirmed covid cases with 226,000 deaths. According to the World Health Organization only 7.5% of the continent’s population, are fully vaccinated. In the early days of the pandemic it was suggested that the impact on African countries could be “catastrophic” because of the “inadequate healthcare systems and personnel”. Others said that even if restrictions were imposed, the number of people infected in many African countries could be between two-fifths to a quarter of the population in the first 12 months. In fact this did not occur. Africa has had fewer deaths than the UK, which has a population about a 20th of the size. 

November 22, 2021, by country.  Nigeria has the highest population with over 213 million people and only 2,974 deaths, 97.15% remain unvaccinated.  South Africa with a population of  59.31 million is the most affected African country with 3.32 million confirmed covid cases and  90,453 deaths at December 2021. The WHO state 26.3% of the population of South Africa are vaccinated. 

KEY POINTS ON LOCKDOWN: Quotes:

The International Journal of the Economics of Business :

‘An examination of over 100 Covid-19 studies reveals that many relied on false assumptions driven by theoretical models that  over-estimated the benefits and under-estimated the costs of lockdown. The most recent research has shown that lockdowns have at best had a marginal effect on the number of Covid-19 cases.’

‘The pandemic has dominated not only the daily lives of ordinary people, but also the economic reality within which most businesses have been forced to operate. Lockdowns and the reactions to them, have had consequences for consumer demands, supply chains, profitability, and the redistribution of wealth. The average citizen and business person has had to trust that such a blunt and destructive policy tool was justified in the face of a novel viral pandemic.’

  • Comparing weekly mortality in 24 European countries, the findings in this paper suggest that more severe lockdown policies have not been associated with lower mortality rates.
  • Over 20 studies find that mandated lockdowns have only marginal effects and that lockdown jurisdictions were not able to prevent non-compliance. Voluntary changes in behaviour explain large parts of the changes in cases, transmissions, and deaths.
  • It is possible that lockdown will go down as one of the greatest peacetime policy failures in modern history

THE IMF ESTIMATES GLOBAL COVID COSTS AT $28 TRILLION IN LOST OUTPUT ALONE.

COMPLIANCE – A DEADLY SIN?

WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO MAKE PEOPLE COMPLIANT?

There are many factors, one being Timing but perhaps the key one is Complacency. Compliance is defined as the act of obeying a request, an order or a command, implying a delicate balancing act between two players. Whether in personal relationship or the ways in which the state maintains order on behalf of its citizens, both parties are engaged in the interplay of power and powerlessness achieved through agreement, coercion or enforcement.

Where there is mutual agreement as in obeying a request, a balance is struck which benefits both parties; where there is discontent, negotiation and resistance is the appropriate response. If agreement can not be reached and the request becomes an order, powerlessness and antipathy results for the party which complies; equilibrium is disturbed and conflict inevitably follows.  A command is issued by the dominant player to ensure the status quo is maintained, this is the very definition of abuse of power.

#LondonProtest against Covid restrictions and vaccine mandates.

Coercive compliance is enforcement by threat or intimidation. The imposition of power whether in personal relationship or by the state is facilitated by a )restrictive environment to exert controlCoercive compliance is utilised effectively by states to achieve a desired outcome, using a mix of promises and rewards, propaganda and intimidation with incarceration ultimately ensuring demands are met. This creates confusion, division and cognitive dissonance, as collective resilience is undermined, replaced by uncertainty and compliance.

New York City municipal workers protest outside the Gracie Mansion Conservancy against the coming COVID-19 vaccine mandate for city workers, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021, in New York.(AP Photo/Jeenah Moon

While determining an appropriate response to the very real threat of a pandemic, we must remain vigilant to the fact that coercive persuasion is an effective political grooming technique, more powerful and easier to impose under a restrictive environment. The isolation imposed by government restrictions in response to the Covid -19 pandemic increased participation in social media,  algorithms, bots and bias coding enhanced selective messaging. While many would  welcome regulation, increasing censorship of dissenting voices  is creating alarm and sounding the warning bell of history not to repeat the past.

Authoritarian societies arise in response to apathy and a creeping compliance and unwillingness to hold governments to account. Fear is the key, division is the strategy. Warning voices are silenced with censorship imposed under the guise of protection, as mainstream media parrots the perceived threat. Personal freedom is eroded as Lock Downs are enforced with quarantine camps already constructed.

 

HUMANITY HAS A HISTORY OF LOCKING UP DISSENTERS OR THOSE WHO BREACH THE SOCIAL STANDARDS OF THE DAY,  A MANUFACTURED CONSENT MADE POSSIBLE  BY CITIZENS WHO CHOOSE TO LOOK THE OTHER WAY.

The euphemistically named Vocational Education and Training Centers in China where thousands of  Uyghurs are detained…. The Indian Residential school system, the horrors of which are only now being revealed, where thousands of indigenous children of Canada and America were forcibly removed from parents and  incarcerated for years.

The ‘Mother and Baby Homes’ run by Catholic clergy in Ireland, where pregnant unwed mothers were incarcerated throughout their pregnancy and beyond and forced to work in Magdalen laundries.  Government funded homes ran illegal adoption services placing children in America  with mothers coerced into consent or unaware of the adoption.

WE SHOULD HAVE A CARE BEFORE DISMISSING THE DISPARATE VOICES NOW BEING RAISED IN WARNING OF THE OMINOUS APPROACHING SIGNS.

As leaders struggle to balance health concerns with sustaining a global economy it is not vaccines but vaccine mandates and imposed detention which are causing the greatest division. 

Justification for detention has always been that this is ‘for the greater good’. ‘Das höhere Woh’ was the Nazi slogan as German Jews were slowly divested of their rights before being shipped off to labour camps, while the German citizenry absorbed highly effective Nazi propaganda, choosing to look the other way as millions followed. In the chilling words of Herman Goering, a primary architect of the Third Reich Nazi Police State, who established the Gestapo secret political police and concentration Camps for the “corrective treatment” of dissenters….

 “The people can always be brought to the bidding of their leaders – that’s easy. All you have to do is tell them that they’re being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same in any country”.

Martin Niemöller, prominent Lutheran pastor in Germany, who emerged as an outspoken public foe of Adolf Hitler  spent the last seven years of Nazi rule in concentration camps and wrote: “First they came for the Communists and I did not speak out because I was not a Communist. Then they came for the Socialists and I did not speak out because I was not a Socialist. Then they came for the trade unionists and I did not speak out because I was not a trade unionist.Then they came for the Jews and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew. Then they came for me and there was no one left to speak out for me.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FETAL CELL LINES – Actions and Intentions

WHAT WOULD BE THE MOTIVE FOR WITHHOLDING POTENTIALLY CONTROVERSIAL INFORMATION – IS IT THAT THE PUBLIC ARE DEEMED INCAPABLE OF UNDERSTANDING, OR IS IT THAT WE MIGHT?

Is the public aware or unaware that all the currently authorised COVID-19 vaccines are developed from fetal cell lines derived from the tissue of aborted fetuses?  This is confirmed by scientists and researchers as ‘standard  procedure in vaccine research’ with multiple papers published online as early as May 2020.

THIS IS NOT A DEBATE ABOUT ABORTION BUT ABOUT INFORMED CONSENT, THE RIGHT TO KNOW WHAT IS IN ANY VACCINE IN ORDER TO DECIDE WHETHER TO PUT IT IN OUR ARM……

Leaked internal Pfizer emails released by Whistleblower Melissa Strickler, indicate Pfizer’s intent to hide vaccine information from the public, sparking international debate. The emails, admitting the use of fetal cell lines in vaccines (originally derived from tissues harvested from clinical abortions) is information likely to have generated negative public response, potentially impacting upon the Covid vaccine programme… one of many potential reasons for secrecy.

The fetal cell line referred to in the Pfizer emails (HEK293T) is one of the major cell lines in use in vaccine development and was obtained from the kidney cells of a female fetus aborted in 1973. 

  • An email by Pfizer Senior Director of Worldwide Research, Vanessa Gelman, states “we want to avoid having the information on fetal cells floating out there … The risk of communicating this right now outweighs any potential benefit we could see, particularly with general members of the public who may take this information and use it in ways we may not want out there.”
  •  An email to Advait Badkar, senior Director of the Novel Delivery Technologies group within Pfizer’s Bio-therapeutics Pharmaceutical Sciences organization stated: “One or more cell lines with an origin that can be traced back to human fetal tissue has been used in laboratory tests associated with the vaccine program.” warning that, “We have been trying as much as possible to not mention the fetal cell lines.”

SO WHAT ARE CELL LINES?

To be clear, fetal cell lines are cells grown in a laboratory, cultivated from tissues harvested from clinical abortions. Current fetal cell lines all descend from cells taken from the tissues of abortions in the 1970s and 1980s, they are thousands of generations removed from the original laboratory procedures and no longer contain fetal tissue, other than at the bio-molecular level.

The first cells were taken from the fetal kidney tissue of an aborted fetus in January 1973 in the Netherlands by Frank Graham, a young Canadian working in the laboratory of Professor Alex van der Eb, a Dutch molecular biologist and virologist.  Normally, a cell has a finite number of divisions but Graham managed to modify these cells so that they divide ad infinitum.

‘Immortalized cell lines’ are established by culturing fetal cells in such a way that they continue growing and multiplying in laboratory dishes indefinitely.  The cells from 1970s and 1980s aborted tissue have multiplied over four or five decades, creating specific fetal cell lines, propagated and kept frozen they are still used today. Viruses grown in fetal cells are then harvested, the resulting cells are very easy to work with and have become the workhorses of cellular biology used in the development of drugs and vaccines. Cell lines age and can only be replicated so many times, these are over 60 years old, therefore new cell lines are being developed. In 2015, China developed another fetal cell line, the WalVax-2 strain.

 

  • HEK stands for “human embryonic kidney cells’ the HEK293 cell line was derived from the 293rd experiment in 1973.
  • HEK293T cell line is derived from the retinal tissue of an 18-week-old fetus aborted in 1985.
  •  WI-38 cells were derived by Leonard Hayflick, in 1962, from the lung of a 3-month female fetus .The initials WI refer to the Wistar Institute, a body of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and the number 38 to the fetus from which the cells were obtained.
  •  MRC-5 cells were obtained in 1966 from the lungs of a 14-week male fetus. The initials MRC indicate Medical Research Council, a body from London.”

The WI-38 and MRC-5 cell lines contain human diploid cells which were originally prepared from tissues of aborted fetuses in 1964 and 1970  are used for the preparation of vaccines based on live attenuated (weakened) virus.  The WI-38 line, a diploid human cell line is composed of fibroblasts derived from lung tissue of a 3-month-gestation female fetus. (Fibroblasts are the most common type of cell found in connective tissue.) The fetus came from the elective abortion of a Swedish woman in 1962, and was used without her knowledge or permission.

  • Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines used fetal cell line HEK 293 during the research and development phase.
  • Moderna also used HEK293T cells in their proof-of-concept tests to see if the genetic instructions contained in these vaccines would be effectively taken up and produce the required spike protein
  • Johnson and Johnson used both the PER.C6 cell line and the HEK293T cell line, to produce and assay their Janssen adenovirus vaccine.
  • CanSino Biologics and Gamaleya Research Institute (Sputnik V approved vaccine) use HEK293 cell line.
  • AstraZeneca used the HEK293T cells line, as did CanSino Biologics and Gamaleya Research Institute (Sputnik V vaccine) whose vaccines have been approved.

CONTAMINANTS

Vaccine technology raises tremendous ethical, moral, and health concerns, not least  for parents. In the 1960s monkey kidney cells were being used to make the Salk and Sabin polio vaccines however SV40 (simian monkey virus) was discovered in the monkey kidney cells, Tens of millions of American and British children were exposed to the contaminated polio vaccine before the WI-38 human cell line was subsequently used. In the late 1960s, there was concern that a vaccine using human cells could be contaminated with other pathogens and today numerous virologists, molecular biologists and other health care professionals continue to voice concerns about the potential risks of the use of aborted fetal cells.

In January 2018 Professor Stanley Alan Plotkin, Emeritus Professor of the University of Pennsylvania, and Adjunct Professor of the Johns Hopkins University, referred to as ‘the godfather of vaccine’ was subpoenaed to testify in a divorce case where the parents disagreed about vaccination. Plotkin, who worked on developing the rubella vaccine grown on aborted fetal tissue, explained how co-workers harvested the tissues from aborted fetuses, dissected and cultured them; 76 aborted fetuses were studied in order to find one whose cells could be used to make the vaccine. Fetus parts used were from the pituitary gland, skin, kidney, spleen, heart, and tongue.

Professor Plotkin confirmed that todays vaccines for minors contain the following:

  • Monkey kidney cells in polio vaccine
  • Contaminated vaccine/monkey virus (SIMEON VIRUS40)
  • Pig virus in Rotavirus vaccine
  • Blood serum from calves /calf serum
  • Guinea pig culture in Varicella vaccine (chickenpox)
  • Cow’s milk
  • Egg protein in Influenza vaccine
  • Gelatin from pigs
  • Human albumen
  • MRC5 Human diploid (fibroblast cells from fetal tissue)
  • (Varicella, Rubella, HepA)
  • Human W813 (human lung fibroblast)
  • (MMR   MMRV   WI-38 vaccines)

Some live virus vaccines contain human DNA fragments, these include  measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, shingles, rotavirus, adenovirus and rabies, possible consequences of their use are unknown. According to Plotkin, injecting intact DNA is theoretically problematic which is why they fragmented it. Intact human DNA was recently discovered in a vaccine by Corveleva, an independent lab that has been analyzing vaccine contents. DNA can be a concern related to vaccines in two ways — because it is the vaccine’s active ingredient, such as in adenovirus-based vaccines, or as a manufacturing byproduct following growth of vaccine virus in human fetal cells.

Greater transparency is needed and surely we have a right to know what is in vaccines in order to make a decision. Long term effects of vaccines are not part of clinical trials and are not required under current legislation. Section 13 of each vaccine package insert is a disclaimer stating that the vaccine has not been studied to determine if the vaccine can cause genetic mutations, cancer, or impaired fertility. Complacency and misplaced trust is a dereliction of the individual responsibility each of us carry as global citizens.  Confronting the well meaning actions of those entrusted with our care or the smug arrogance of those who believe they know more than they do, requires courage. Safeguarding health is a noble endeavour dependent upon vigilance and compliance with the highest ethics to avoid complacency or the hypocrisy of false refuges which would  ultimately incur a cost too great to bear.

“OUR LIVES BEGIN TO END THE DAY WE BECOME SILENT ABOUT THINGS THAT MATTER”                                                                                       Martin Luther King

 

 

 

 

 

 

COVID – FOLLOW THE MONEY

INVESTIGATORS SEEKING EVIDENCE TO CLARIFY ANY WRONG DOING LOVE A PAPER TRAIL….

Dr David Martin is Chairman of EMCAM Risk management, Underwriters of the world’s intangible assets in 168 countries, track and  trace Patent applications, Federal grants and government e records around the world, to monitor financial and corporate responsibility. Dr Martin has shared US  Patent records with the scientific community, recording the twenty year history leading up to Covid-19. This is a long video, if even part of it is true there are profound implications. Key points are below.  See video  

September 2000 – EMCAM was part of the investigation into the origins of the anthrax outbreak in the US and the unusual behaviour around ciprofloxacin, the drug manufactured by Bayers one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world, used as a potential treatment for anthrax. In the Fall 0f 2001 EMCAM began monitoring an enormous number of bacterial pathogens being patented through government agencies NIH, NIAID, AMRAD (US Armed Services Infectious Disease Programme) and other international agencies who collaborated with them. There were concerns that corona virus was being seen not only as a potential manipulable agent for use as a vaccine vector but was also clearly being considered as a biological weapon candidate.

The US Patent Office is responsible for safe-guarding intellectual property to inventors and businesses, providing a verifiable public record. Documentation in the records of Spring 2020, show 120 pieces of evidence proving a programme of research and development into Corona Virus existing over more than 20 years. Records show that the reported gene sequence stated as ‘novel’ is not in fact new at all, for the Corona virus is not new to the human condition and has for a long time been part of the sequence of proteins that circulate, associated with the common cold. Records also show that SARS, the viral respiratory disease caused by the corona virus is not a natural progression of a zoonotic modification of a corona virus,  in other words it was made in the laboratory.

In 1984, Anthony Fauci was appointed Director of NIAID (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) The malleability of Corona virus was found to be a potential candidate for HIV vaccines.

  • 1999, Fauci funded the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill laboratory research programme, creating a NIAID built infectious replication of defective corona virus, specifically targeted for human lung epithelia.
  • January 28th, 2000 – US Patent 6372224 was the first vaccine application for Corona virus, made by Pfizer specifically for the S Spike protein. This was a Spike protein vaccine for a canine. (Ralph Berrick Professor of Microbiology and Immunology at the The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill worked on 2 target candidates, rabbits and canines.)
  • April 19th 2002 – US Patent Application 7279327 clearly lays out very specific gene sequencing, demonstrating that we knew that the ACE 2 Receptor, the ACE 2 binding Domain, the S1 Spike Protein and other elements of what we have come to know as Covid -19 was not only engineered in the laboratory but could be ‘synthetically modified using gene sequencing technologies, taking computer code and turning it into a pathogen or an intermediary of a pathogen.’  Gene technology to harness corona virus as a VECTOR to distribute HIV vaccine was funded exclusively in the early days.
  • April 2003 – Patent Application 7220852 filed by US Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)  The entire gene sequence of what became known as Sars Corona virus was filed under this application, justified by their PR team as “so that everyone would be free to research corona virus.”  This was disingenuous and a violation of US Code 35 Section 101 which states that ‘You cannot patent a naturally occurring substance’. The Patent Office rejected the application twice as un-patentable because the gene sequence was already in the public domain having already found 99.9% identity with the  existing corona virus recorded.
  • Patent 46592703P and Patent 776521  included and covered a series of derivative patents of multiple subject matter covering not only the gene sequence of Sars Corona virus but also of the means of detecting it using RTPCR, (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, the most sensitive technique for mRNA detection and quantitation currently available.)
  • Moderna received the spike protein sequence by phone from the vaccine research centre NIAID prior to the definition of the subclade . (a subclade is a  genetic subgrouping)
  • APRIL 2003Patent 7151163 was filed three days later by Sequoia Pharmaceuticals on anti viral agents, treatment and control of infections by corona virus.

THE QUESTION ARISES – HOW COULD THERE BE A TREATMENT FOR SOMETHING ONLY INVENTED 3 DAYS EARLIER?  Answer: The Sequoia Pharmaceuticals patent was issued and published before the initial CDC Patent number 7220852 on corona virus was approved. Patent Office records  available in the public archive office, show that after the initial  CDC Patent was rejected twice, an Appeal fine was paid the Patent Office to keep this information private, patent approval was not given until 2006/7.

‘If you own the patent of the gene itself and you own the patent on its detection you have a cunning advantage of being able to control 100% of the provenance of not only the virus itself but also of its detection: You have entire scientific and message control.’ 

      RICO PATTERN

The RICO Act is a United States federal law defining criminal conspiracy, racketeering  and collusion. Rico provides for extended criminal penalties and a civil cause of action for acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization, causing some to query the  possibility of a future RICO action. ‘This is the very definition of criminal conspiracy, racketeering and collusion – it is evidence. The degree to which that information could have been known to anyone  except for  insider information is zero, not physically possible. You cannot have information in the future informing something which does not yet exist.’

5TH June 2008  –  DARPA  the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency responsible for the development of emerging technologies for use by the military, actively took an interest in corona virus as a biological weapon.

  •  5th June 2008- Ablynx (now a part of Sanofi a French multinational pharmaceutical company) filed a specific number of patents in sequence for the novel feature of the SARS COV 2 virus. They specifically targeted what was called the Polybasic cleavage site, for SARS COV, the novel spike protein and the ACE 2 receptor binding domain allegedly novel to SARS COV 2 .
  •  May 2014 – The part of the NIAID headed by Fauci, awarded a $3.4 million grant to the New York-based EcoHealth Alliance working in partnership with Wuhan bio security lab China. This was later withdrawn.
  • November  24  2015  – Patent application 9193780 was made after the ‘gain of function moratorium’ of 2014 when funding was paused due to concerns by leading scientists regarding unacceptable risks of creating a pandemic.

Moderna then began negotiating with Arbutis Pharmaceuticals and Acuitas, two Canadian companies who owned the patent on the lipid nanoparticle required to deliver the injection of the mrna fragment.

  • November 2015 Moderna entered into a cooperative research and development agreement with Chapel Hill North Carolina University with respect of using the lipid nanoparticle to facilitate delivery of the spike protein. A potential candidate vaccine before a pathogen release had supposedly occurred.
  • 2016  Ralph Berrick published his paper stating that SARS Corona Virus was poised for human emergence, stating in a speech  ‘You can make a lot of money with this’.
  • 2016/17/19 – A  series of patents all covering not only the rna strands but sub components of gene strands, were all issued to Ablynx and Sanofi.

The Bidol Rights Act states that if the US government has paid for research it is entitled to benefit from the research as their right or at their whim. So why in 2017/2018 does NIAID  have to take ownership of the patent that they already have rights to and file a certificate of ownership? Perhaps due to the complexity of 73 Patent applications which existed by 2016 from multi national pharmaceutical companies, morphing and vying for commercial exploitation.

Sequoia Pharmaceuticals  is engaged in the discovery and development of antiviral therapeutics, focusing on combating drug-resistant viruses and Ablynx Pharmaceuticals is engaged in the discovery and development of nano-bodies. Ablynx is a subsidiary of Sanofi the fifth largest  pharmaceutical company in the world.

SEQUOIA AND ABLYNX BOTH ULTIMATELY BECAME ROLLED INTO

PROPRIETARY HOLDINGS OF PFIZER AND JOHNSON AND JOHNSON

  • 2018 – Patent 7279327 on the recombitant nature of lung targeted corona virus was transferred from the University of N Carolina to NIH, the US National Institute of Health.
  • March 2019 – Moderna  suddenly revitalised and amended 4 failed Patent filings to specifically make reference to ‘a deliberate or accidental release of corona virus’  to begin the process of vaccine development.
  • November 2019 – University of Carolina and Moderna began the sequencing of a spike protein on the single patent required to develop the Vaccine Research mandate.
  • August 2020 – Funding of  $7.5 million was reinstated for Echo Health Alliance with  stringent precautions. Peter Dazsak, the Chairman stated “we have an ongoing collaboration, we have data that we’ve gathered over 15 years of working in China — 5 years under a previous grant from the NIH — which haven’t been published yet”

Peter Dazsak was also part of the World Health Organisation team investigating the source of the Covid-19 outbreak. He is  quoted in 2015  We need to increase public understanding of the need for medical counter measures such as a pan corona virus vaccine..a key driver is the media and the economics will follow the hype. We need to use that hype to our advantage to get to the real issues- investors who will respond if they see profit at the end of the process”

The old adage comes to mind

CREATE THE PROBLEM AND PROVIDE THE SOLUTION

 

Listen to: ‘Wake up Ye Sleepers’ – Clann Destiny Macwestie

 

See also:

Censorship- Silencing the Covid Whistle Blowers

Covid Vaccine – A ‘Clever Trick’?

 

CENSORSHIP – SILENCING THE COVID WHISTLE BLOWERS

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WHEN WHISTLE BLOWERS ARE SILENCED WE MUST QUESTION THE AGENDA – CENSORSHIP IS ALIVE AND WELL. Rather than  listen to arguments for and against the vaccine why would we dismiss warnings from eminent pro vaccine scientists with proven track records? … Continue reading

COVID VACCINE – A ‘CLEVER TRICK’?

TO MAKE INFORMED DECISIONS WE MUST BE INFORMED

The new mRNA vaccines have been described as ‘a way of tricking the immune system’ by delivering lipid nanoparticles, fatty molecular envelopes, as a  mechanism to help strands of mRNA evade the body’s biological gatekeepers. Paula Cannon, an associate professor of microbiology at the University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine commented:  “The immune system is incredibly complicated and it’s different from person to person… “There’s always a concern when you are trying to trick the immune system — which is what a vaccine does — that you could have unintended side effects,”

19-year-old Simone Scott received her second dose of the Moderna vaccine on May 1st.  Within hours she became ill and was hospitalised, developing  what her doctors believe was myocarditis, a rare inflammation of the heart muscle. Simone underwent a heart transplant one month later and died on May 11th.

 13-year-old Jacob Clynick of Michigan died June 16, three days after he received his second dose of Pfizer’s COVID vaccine, “he had no known health problems and was on no medications.”  Preliminary autopsy results indicated that following his vaccination, Jacob’s heart became enlarged and was surrounded by fluid — symptoms similar to those documented in other teen boys who experienced myocarditis following COVID vaccination. A family member stated “If Jacob had not received the 2nd shot, we believe he would be alive today.”

Justin Harrington, a 21-year-old New Jersey student, suffered severe heart inflammation within 8 to 12 hours of receiving his second dose of Moderna’s COVID vaccine. Justin’s  school required him to get the vaccine in order to attend classes in the fall. Justin’s father, Timothy Harrington, said his son felt different after the second shot. “Every time his heart beat it hurt and he felt pressure,.. “Then he developed heart pain down both arms.” Two days after Justin received the second shot, his father took him to the emergency room at Morristown Memorial Hospital because the symptoms had worsened. “The physicians weren’t connecting it to the vaccine until I informed the doctors my son just got the vaccine, and shared with them the information I had found on myocarditis,” Justin now has minor scarring on his heart and Harrington said even though his son has been released, he still has chest pain and his life is not the same. “He has to wear a heart monitor and take four different medications for six months…He has to sleep propped up, can’t exert himself so is unable to work.” Doctors hope they caught it early enough that there will be no other issues but this is uncertain.

  • On June 2, the Israeli Health Minister said that a  “probable” link  had been found between Pfizer’s COVID vaccine and rare cases of heart inflammation in young men . Israeli health officials first flagged the issue in April, when they reported more than 60 cases, mostly in young men who had received their second dose of vaccine.
  • Officials at the European Medicines Agency said on May 28, they had received 107 reports of myocarditis following the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine. Europe has lower rates of vaccination for young people.
  •  The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – a total of 475 cases of myocarditis or pericarditis were recorded in patients 30 and younger. CDC data showed 196 reports of myocarditis and pericarditis among 18 to 24-year-olds through May 31, compared with an expected rate of between 8 and 83 cases.

A search in the CDC’s Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS) reveals 900 cases of pericarditis and myocarditis reported in the U.S. among all age groups following COVID vaccination, between Dec. 14, 2020 and June 4, 2021. An emergency meeting of its advisers was called for June 18.  Dr. Tom Shimabukuro, deputy director of the CDC’s Immunization Safety Office, confirmed there had been “a higher-than-expected number of cases of heart inflammation among young people recently vaccinated with their second doses of the mRNA vaccine.

THE CLEVELAND CLINIC FOUND THAT PEOPLE PREVIOUSLY INFECTED WITH SARS-CoV-2 WERE LESS LIKLEY TO BE REINFECTED THAN FULLY VACCINATED INDIVIDUALS WHO HAD NEVER HAD THE VIRUS.

Studies also suggest that people who’ve already had the disease or were recently infected are more at risk of severe adverse reactions i.e. a potential risk of harm if  vaccinated at a vulnerable time.  Since the vaccine is intended to trigger an immune response it is not unreasonable to assume that those who may already have natural immunity due to previous  or current infection might be at increased risk when later vaccinated and we often have no way of knowing whether a person was previously infected but asymptomatic. In such cases the body will trigger an exaggerated immune response with potential damage to organs and tissues where there is vulnerability. This is the  reaction seen in increased rates of blood clots causing stroke and heart attack in a minority of those vaccinated.

According to researchers at the National Organization for Rare Disorders, myocarditis can result from infections but “more commonly the myocarditis is a result of the body’s immune reaction to the initial heart damage.”  The link between myocarditis currently under investigation is as yet unproven, we must hope that the vaccine itself does not prove to be the agent initially responsible for attacking the heart muscle, initiating an exaggerated immune response which is difficult to control. The UK Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) will be advising against pressing ahead with a vaccination campaign for teenagers.

Moderna denies any link between vaccine and heart inflammation. While acknowledging Covid risk factors, it is vital for each of us to remain alert to the conditions now being investigated as potentially vaccine linked. Without accurate reporting of adverse reactions there is no hope of assessing the true risk factors, it is already too late for some.

Shooting the Messengers:  First published  2021/2/23

Vaccines: More Haste – Less Speed:    First Published 2021/01/10

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HAS COVID MADE US MORE – OR LESS SPIRITUAL?

In 2019, 7% of the world population stated that they are either atheist or agnostic with a noticeable increase in the West. The decline of church attendance across much of the world  does not  however reflect belief  but affiliation. Whether or not they ascribe to a mainstream religion, the vast majority of the global population state a belief in a Creator or a Supreme Intelligence. There is if anything, a growing awareness and belief in the existence of the soul and its continuation beyond death.

Religiously Unaffiliated

The religiously unaffiliated number 1.1 billion, which accounts for about one-in-six (16%) of people worldwide. Perception and results are skewed when non affiliation is confused with agnosticism or atheism. These numbers can include people who do not identify with any particular religion but may have a strong faith, for example the growing number who consider themselves Christian but do not attend church or may follow ‘New Age’ movements. For example, belief in God or a higher power is shared by 7% of Chinese unaffiliated adults, 30% of French unaffiliated adults and 68% of unaffiliated U.S. adults.

ANOMALIES SHOWN BY EVERY POLL SUGGEST A RADICAL SHIFT IN SPIRITUAL PERCEPTION INDICATING THAT THE RIGHT QUESTION IS NOT BEING ASKED.

2004 survey by the BBC in 10 countries showed the proportion of the population “who don’t believe in God” to be close to 17% with 8% specifically stating that they consider themselves to be “atheists” however almost 30% of all atheists surveyed said they sometimes prayed.

2012 Pew Research Center’s Global Study of 230 countries and territories indicated 16% of the world’s population is not affiliated with a religion, while 84% are.  Almost one quarter, 23% of those with no religious identity (including atheists and agnostics) still believe in a God and maintain various religious beliefs and practices.

  • A majority (53%) of Canadians stated a belief in God however 28% of Protestants, 33% of Catholics, and 23% of those who attended weekly religious services did not.
  • In the United States, only 5% of the population did not have a belief in a god, yet out of that small group only 24% self-identified as “atheist”.
  • In the Netherlands, 41.1% of “convinced atheists” stated a belief in telepathy, 21.1% in reincarnation, 13.3% in life after death, and 1.6% in Heaven!
  • China has State atheism and by far the largest global percentage of those ascribing to atheism, however 85% of the population state that they practice various kinds of religious behaviours with some regularity.

2018 by Gallup International Poll  to explore religious tendencies of 66,000 people in 68 countries across the world:  62% of people  defined themselves as religious, however 74% of respondents said they believe people have souls and 54% believe in life after death.

Map showing global religous affiliation  

Grey denotes agnostic or atheist.

 

  1. Christianity (blue) dominates  the Americas, Europe and the southern half of Africa.
  2. Islam (green) is the top religion in a string of countries from northern Africa through the Middle East to Indonesia.
  3. India stands out as a huge Hindu bloc (dark orange).
  4. Buddhism (light orange) is the majority religion in South East Asia and Japan.
  5. Israel is the world’s only majority-Jewish state (75% Jewish with 18% Muslim) along with  a significant Jewish presence (20%, with 80% Muslim) in the West Bank.Counted as one country, the Jewish majority would drop to around 55%.

Grey areas: United States is majority Christian, but the atheist/agnostic share of its population alone is bigger than the total population of most other countries. China has the highest percentage of atheists in the world with 67% not believing in religion. Seven out ten people are atheists, more than double that of any other country with 23% considering themselves as non-religious people. A mere 9% identify as religious in China. In comparison, only 1% of people in Thailand and 2% in India define themselves as atheists.

Map shows religous affiliation in Europe 

Grey denotes agnostic or atheist

A glance at the European map shows Sweden, the Czech Republic, the UK, Germany and France as the next least religious countries. In Sweden 18% of people define themselves as atheist and 55% as non-religious,  the Czech Republic is 25% atheist and 47% non-religious. In the UK, 11% of people claim to be atheist and 58% non-religious.

 

July 2020: Pew Research Centre for ‘The importance of Prayer and God in life’

Religious commitment is lower in places where life is easier. Higher levels of wealth typically denote lower levels of prayer. In every surveyed country with a GDP of more than $30,000 per person, fewer than 40% of adults say they pray every day (except in the United States (where 55% of adults pray daily).

Americans enjoy a high standard of living, high rates of literacy and education, a developed economy and a representative democracy. However, compared with other similarly developed countries, the U.S. has relatively high levels of economic inequality, infant mortality and imprisonment rates. Israel with a markedly higher GDP than the other countries is the only country in the Middle East-North Africa region where fewer than 50% of adults pray every day.

Large-scale catastrophes such as famines, wars and earthquakes spur increases in religious behaviour however research indicates that this allegiance is temporary and not sustained.

  • Gallup surveys dating back nearly 80 years show that in 1939, 39% of Americans aged 40 and older and 36% of U.S. adults younger than 40 claimed to have attended church in the last week. Both groups saw a rise in attendance in the post war period – the early years of the Cold War followed by a decline in the late 1950s as American wealth increased.
  • The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, defined  the 21st century to date. According to Gallup polls, religious attendance the first weekend after the attacks was up six percent from the weekend before. (Walsh 2002) The response was not sustained, November polls were already indicating that church attendance had retreated back to normal levels.
  • The February 2011 earthquake in New Zealand resulted in 185 deaths and thousands of injuries. The New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study discovered that people living in the Canterbury region in that period showed an increased religious affiliation of 3.4%. compared with a 1.6% net drop in religious affiliation across the rest of New Zealand.

It will be interesting to see the effect of the Covid epidemic on religous affiliation and perhaps more accurately on spiritual values. Ironically, both demand disciplined practice to be effective.

 

SHOOTING THE MESSENGERS

As hopes rise that vaccines can help control the pandemic, some of the world’s leading immunologists are expressing concerns of a potential further epidemic of autoimmune disease linked to the vaccine programme.

Professor Shoenfeld, credited as the ‘father of auto-immunity’ along with co-author Darja Kanduc from the University of Bari, Italy have warned of ‘molecular mimicry’ related to a number of genetic sequences that are identical in both the human genome and that of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. The immunologists first drew attention to the identical sequences in a paper in Clinical Immunology published June 2020. Noting specific groups of proteins found deep in the lungs, the site of covid pneumonia, they suggest that peptide sequences used in the new vaccines should be unique and not common to ones found in the body.

THE IMMUNOLOGISTS ARGUE THAT FOR CERTAIN INDIVIDUALS WITH A PREDISPOSITION TO AUTOIMMUNE DISORDERS, AN ADVERSE VACCINE RESPONSE COULD TRIGGER AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE CURRENTLY SEEN IN LONG COVID.

All vaccines work by stimulating the immune system to make antibodies to the coronavirus spike protein, if the body encounters coronavirus in the future, the defence mechanism is then triggered. The new vaccines engineer small-peptide antigens to provoke the desired immune response. Antigens are toxins which induce an immune response, however the peptides (amino acid chains) require additional immune-stimulating agents and/or delivery systems (vectors) to be effective.

GENE TECHNOLOGY – STAYING INFORMED:

Genetic engineering is the direct manipulation of a genome to change the genetic make up of cells. Recombinant DNA are molecules of DNA from two different species which are inserted into a host organism to produce new genetic combinations. Baculovirus (an insect virus) is widely used  in gene technology to engineer insect cell lines to produce recombitant proteins.

    • In the AstraZeneca, Novavax vaccines, another cell or vehicle is used as a carrier (vector ) to transport the synthetic antigen into the body. The ChAdOx1 adenovirus, extracted from the stool of chimpanzees infected with the common cold (modified to avoid its replication) is utilised as a vector for the vaccine.  Researchers inserted a modified gene into a baculovirus to produce insect cell lines infected with the SARS spike protein. Spike proteins from these cells were then assembled into nanoparticles which cannot replicate or cause Covid-19 and injected into the body where the immune system mounts a T cell antibody response.

 

 

 

  • The new mRNA Pfizer anThe new Pfizer and Moderna vaccines use messenger RNA (the molecule which instructs DNA) to trick the body into making the viral protein itself by triggering an immune response. These are the first mRNA vaccines to be licensed for use. The vaccines have strands of genetic material called mRNA, which acts as an instruction manual to make a piece of the “spike protein” taken from the SARS-CoV-2virus. When injected into the muscle of the arm, mRNA enters the dendritic cells and macrophages in the lymph node near the vaccination site, muscle cells then direct production of the synthetic antigen. The lymphatic system acts as an immediate transportation system carrying the genetic material throughout the body.

New data released as of Feb.12 from VAERS, the US Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System.  The latest VAERS data show that 799 of the deaths were reported in the U.S. and that about one-third of those deaths occurred within 48 hours of the individual receiving the vaccination. The average age of the deceased was 77.8 and the youngest was 23.   21% of deaths were cardiac-related. Dr. J. Patrick Whelan, a pediatric rheumatologist, warned the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in December 2020 that mRNA vaccines like those developed by Pfizer and Moderna could cause heart attacks and other injuries in ways not assessed in safety trials.

  • CBS Detroit reported that a 68-year old news anchor died of a suspected stroke one day after being vaccinated for COVID of a stroke.
  • Dr. Gregory Michael, a 56-year-old Florida obstetrician died shortly after receiving the vaccine after developing an extremely serious form of acute immune thrombocytopenia.
  • Bell’s palsy – facial paralysis.  (Pfizer 75%; Moderna: 25%)
  • Of 917 anaphylactic reactions, 70% of which were reported after a Pfizer vaccine and 30% after the Moderna vaccine.
  • Latest data lists 3,126 “serious” adverse reactions reported which also include 34 miscarriages and pre-term births.

VAERS is a passive surveillance system that relies on the willingness of individuals to submit reports voluntarily. Historically fewer than 1% of adverse events have ever been reported. According to their  website, healthcare providers are required by law to report within the specified time period after vaccination. However, “within the specified time” means that reactions occurring outside that timeframe may not be reported, as well as reactions suffered by people who don’t report those reactions to their healthcare provider.

The World Health Organization has now approved AstraZeneca’s COVID vaccine  for emergency use however some nations have said they won’t use it, citing safety and efficacy concerns.

  • News reports indicate that a growing number of people, including nearly 30% of healthcare workers, now say they don’t want the COVID vaccine, citing safety concerns.
  • The Washington Post report that nearly a third of military personnel are opting out of the vaccines.
  •  NBA top national basketball players are reluctant to promote the vaccine.
  • 40% of LA frontline workers were recently refusing inoculations.

As of Feb.19, about 56.3 million people in the U.S. had received one or both doses of a COVID vaccine despite the US Federal Drug Agency not yet implementing systems to monitor the safety of COVID vaccines. FDA officials told The New York Times they don’t expect the systems to be up and running before the Biden administration reaches its goal of vaccinating 100 million Americans. We are constantly told to trust the experts yet while many are sounding the warnings of possible autoimmune risks, governments are rolling out the mass vaccination programme despite the fact that millions suffer from auto immune disorders worldwide.

In addition to anti vaxers, there are many who simply prefer a more cautious ‘wait and see’ approach, utilising all available methods to curtail the virus pending further research. What possible motive could there be in silencing experts in the field or in ridiculing or censoring any who advise caution.Despite the horrific toll of the virus, a path of due diligence will ultimately ensure the best outcome, reassuring those who wish to take the vaccine, of it’s safety. We surely dismiss warnings from esteemed researchers like Professor Shoenfeld at our peril.

  • Shoenfeld is founder and head of the Zabludowicz Center for Autoimmune Diseases, at the Sheba Medical Center, which is affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine in Tel-Aviv University in Israel. He is on the editorial boards of 43 journals in the fields of rheumatology and autoimmunity and has published more than 1750 papers in journals such as New Eng J Med, Nature, The Lancet, Proc Nat Acad Scie, J Clin Invest, J Immunol, Blood, FASEB, J Exp Med, Circulation, Cancer and others. Professor Shoenfeld received the EULAR prize in 2005, in Vienna, Austria. In UC Davis, USA, and the Nelson’s Prize for Humanity and Science for 2008. He was recently awarded a Life Contribution Prize in Internal Medicine in Israel, 2012 as well as the ACR Master Award in 2013.

 See

Covid-19  A Call to action

Vaccines – More Haste – Less speed

 

 

ELEPHANT IN THE ROOM- A moral dilemma

A MORAL DILEMMA – There is convincing evidence that most epidemics  including Covid-19, have actually been caused by animal exploitation.  In August, a white paper found that nearly every major zoonotic disease outbreak over the last 120 years is inextricably linked to animal exploitation including the use of research animals. (A zoonotic virus being one that originated in another species but infects and transmits among humans). Prior to the current Covid-19 pandemic, two million people were dying from zoonotic diseases each year.

IS IT A MARK OF IGNORANCE OR ARROGANCE WHICH LEADS US TO BELIEVE THAT WE CAN REDRESS THE BALANCE BY CONTINUING TO EXPLOIT SPECIES WE REGARD AS SUBORDINATE?

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)   the successor to SARS-CoV-1, the virus that caused the 2002–2004 SARS outbreak, is believed to have zoonotic origins linked to bat coronaviruses, suggesting it emerged from a bat-borne virus. At the outbreak of the pandemic, conspiracy theorists confused the public with talk of ‘bat soup’ in Wuhan markets, disregarding the evidence provided by concerned virologists who warned of ‘an engineered virus… adapted through shared international research labs’ all of which use research animals. See: Who to Bless and who to Blame

A report from the UN has stated the number of zoonotic epidemics from Ebola to Sars to West Nile virus and Rift Valley fever is rising;  these are the infections which can be transmitted from animals to people. SARS-CoV-2 infections have now been reported in cats, lions and tigers, dogs and mink. We also now know that humans can infect other animals with SARS-CoV-2, such as domestic cats and even tigers in zoos. Despite growing evidence, Governments are ignoring the root causes: Recent research shows that animals have serious limits as models for studying human disease, species are inherently different with divergent immunology and immune responses. Yet medical science continues its relentless research extracting, selecting and mixing animal cell lines, creating recombinant vaccines which are administered to humans.

THE CURRENT GLOBAL OUTBREAK OF MINK INFECTED WITH COVID-19 IS A REMINDER, IF ANY WERE NEEDED, OF THE CONSEQUENCE OF IGNORING THE EVIDENCE.

A paper published in the prestigious journal ‘Science’ 08 Jan 2021: (Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 on mink farms between humans and mink and back to humans) reported  this two-way transmission on mink farms. “Of the tested mink farm residents, employees, and/or individuals with whom they had been in contact, 68% had evidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection… ‘We conclude that the virus was initially introduced by humans and has since evolved.’…Sequencing has subsequently shown that mink-to-human transmission also occurred.’ 

Mink are factory farmed to supply the global fur trade. It takes about 20 to 30 pelts to make one long coat, 15 to 20 pelts to make a short one, prices begin at $1,000, a top-of-the-line sable fur coat can cost $150,000. In their natural state mink live near water and roam over several miles, living an average of 3 years. Farmed mink are bred and  housed in densely packed small wire cages in close contact with one another. They are killed at around 7 months old by gassing then pushed through metal machines which skin them. The conditions provide a perfect breeding ground for Covid-19 transmission.

Denmark is the world’s largest mink exporter. In April 2020, the Netherlands had an outbreak of Covid-19, by October, hundreds of Danish mink farms were infected. Outbreaks in Wisconsin, the biggest producer of mink in the US, quickly followed. To date, COVID-19 has been found on mink farms in a total of 10 countries, including Spain, Italy, Lithuania, Sweden, Greece, France, Ireland, Canada and the US.

In November 2020 Denmark culled 17 million mink in more than 200 farms, killing both infected and healthy animals. Since the mass slaughter, hundreds of hastily buried dead mink were slowly pushed out of the ground by gas emitted from their decomposing bodies, leading to concern of further contamination  from the rotting corpses.

In Europe Efforts to ban fur farming are now accelerating. The Netherlands announced it would end mink farming in 2021 and France announced it would ban farming mink by 2025. Poland, is expected to follow and Ireland, with only three mink farms, has now decided to cull its farmed mink population, ending production.

Predictably the price of mink fur jumped after Denmark ordered the cull. Marc Kaufman, a fur merchant in New York City who sells a lot of mink coats commented: “Demand is there, and need for the product is there. If Copenhagen doesn’t farm the skins, Russia will. If Russia doesn’t, China will. Either way there is gonna be a supply because there is demand.”  

China’s mink farmers say they are benefiting from the Danish cull, a Shangcun trader and breeder estimating  his earnings had increased 30 to 50 percent. China’s  8,000 mink farms hold roughly 5 million animals, a skilled worker can skin about 350 mink a day. Discarded carcasses are  sold to local villages as meat, animal feed or fertiliser. In two decades China became the main export market for U.S. and European mink; demand for fur coats there now dwarfs that of every other country with an  estimated $50 billion annual industry. The state has reported no COVID-19 cases among mink, either on farms or in the wild.

ARE ANIMALS FOR EATING, WEARING, ENTERTAINMENT OR RESEARCH?

Accurate statistics for animal experiments are not available or even required by many countries and cannot therefore be effectively monitored. An estimated global figure of 192.1 million for the number of animals used for scientific purposes in 2015 is a low one. Research animals include mice, rats, birds, rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, farm animals (including pigs and sheep), dogs, primates (including monkeys and chimpanzees) and cats. Frogs and fish are also widely used.  In addition to the pain of the actual experiments, laboratory animals are confined to cages, socially isolated, and psychologically traumatized..

Animals used in Covid-19 vaccine research

  • Mice – Common house mice and brown rats are the most frequently used in medical research. As ordinary mice are not susceptible to Covid-19, genetically altered mice are bred for the purpose.
  • Monkeys have a similar immune system to humans and are used in many coronavirus studies using African greens and marmosets, the most common type  used being the rhesus macaque,
  • Ferrets have a lung physiology similar to humans,making them ideal laboratory animals which can show similar symptoms to the disease and can spread airborne virus  to other ferrets in the same manner as human transmission.
  • Pigs are used in Covid-19 vaccine to test for suitability for human trials. Pigs are also being used to test the effectiveness of new types of ventilators, before they are tested on humans.
  • Hamsters display similar symptoms to humans when infected and are used to study transmission, the effects of the virus (particularly on the lungs), and suitable treatments.

 

 

VACCINES: MORE HASTE- LESS SPEED?

SCIENTIST HAVE BEEN WORKING WITHOUT SUCCESS TO DEVELOP A CORONA VACCINE FOR THE PAST 20 YEARS UNTIL THE CURRENT COVID-19 mRNA VACCINE WAS APPROVED IN RESPONSE TO THE GLOBAL PANDEMIC.

These  mRNA vaccines  are a completely new type that have never been used before.  Before 2020, no mRNA technology platform (drug or vaccine) had been authorised for use in humans, so an unknown risk remained. The gene technology (allows direct modification or removal of a gene, or the transfer of a gene from one species to another) involves inserting DNA encoding an antigen (such as a bacterial surface protein) to stimulate an immune response. This bio technology has been tested for rabies, zika and influenza but not previously licensed due to safety concerns and risk of unknown side effects on humans causing many large pharmaceutical companies to abandon the technology.

Vaccine development is normally a long, complex process, often lasting 10-15 years involving 5 stages: The 1st stage involves basic laboratory research of  2-4 years. The next pre clinical stage of 1-2 years, studies tissue culture or cell culture systems and animal testing to assess human safety, this can include re-infecting vaccinated animals to assess the immune response. Many studies never progress beyond this stage due to adverse reactions. For those which do, application for licensing clinical trials is made to a review Board to approve commencement of 3 phases of testing clinical protocols, before Phase1 Vaccine Trials for human testing can begin. Initial human trials test 20-80 subjects, monitoring and recording response. If successful, Phase 2 Trials test several hundred individuals including some within the high risk category. Factors include prevention, immune response and side effects. Phase 3 Vaccine Trials, involves monitoring thousands to tens of thousands of people before Licensing is granted with the conditions of  factory inspection and vaccine labelling compliance. Phase 4 monitoring by drug companies is optional after the vaccine is released. A Phase 5 voluntary reporting system ‘VAERS’ allows adverse reactions to be reported by lay persons.

Benefits of mRNA vaccines include speed of design and production, RNA vaccines have the advantage of being faster and cheaper to produce than traditional vaccines, RNA can be produced in the laboratory from a DNA template using readily available materials. Moderna designed their mRNA1273 vaccine for COVID-19 in 2 days.

The 2020 coronavirus pandemic led to debate about the type of initial authorisation mRNA vaccines should have (including emergency use authorisation after the eight-week period of post-final human trials). In December 2020, both Moderna and Pfizer/BioNTech obtained emergency use authorisation for their mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines, which had been funded by Operation Warp Speed, a public–private partnership initiated by the U.S. government.

In view of the perceived urgency developers were allowed to bypass the pre clinical Stage 2 animal trials and move straight into human trials, avoiding  public disquiet over animal experimentation.  During previous SARS-1 animal trials, (ADE) ‘Antibody Dependent Enhancement’  produced by the vaccine caused devastating immune responses during the ‘challenge’ phase of reinfection, killing the animal trial subjects.

In October 2020, the prestigious science journal Nature, gave strict warnings that any COVID19 vaccine should be tested on animals before going to human trials precisely because of the problems experienced with the SARS-1 vaccine. This warning was ignored. The effects of possible reinfection remain unknown.

On 2nd December 2020, seven days after its final eight-week trial, the UK’s Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), became the first global medicines regulator in history to approve an mRNA vaccine, granting “emergency authorisation” for Pfizer/BioNTech’s BNT162b2 COVID-19 vaccine for widespread use. On 11th December 2020 the FDA gave approval for emergency use authorisation in the US.

VIRUSES SURVIVE BY INVADING THEIR HOST’S CELLS, UTILISING THE PROTEIN MAKING MECHANISM BY READING THE VIRUS’ GENETIC CODE TO REPLICATE COPIES. GENETIC MODIFICATION USES BIO TECHNOLOGY TO ALTER GENETIC MATERIAL IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE A DESIRED CHARACTERISTIC. 

The mRNA vaccines differ from most conventional vaccines in that they don’t contain live or attenuated (weakened) virus.  Instead, RNA vaccines high jack the natural process that cells use to make proteins, utilising DNA as the template to make Messenger (mRNA) molecules. The Covid-19 virus caries numerous spikes on its surface which enhance its capability to infect. The vaccine has been genetically modified by taking a small part of the  virus i.e. the spike, which is then inserted as a mechanism to inoculate the cells with a small amount of spike protein.When injected, the virus enters the cell and begins to reproduce the spike protein. The body’s immune system recognises the genes as foreign and starts to attack by activating protective T Cells and B cells to destroy what it sees as invaders. The mRNA vaccines are delivered by lipid nanoparticles, the fatty molecular envelopes incorporated into vaccines as a delivery mechanism to help strands of mRNA evade the body’s biological gatekeepers to reach their target cell without being degraded.  

We might be forgiven any reluctance to decipher the confusing list of letters and terms which are meaningless to most of us. DNA, RNA, mRNA, antigen, viral vector, antibodies, T Cells, B Cells. the list goes on… however to make an informed choice we must be informed. Thankfully each of us is now free to investigate the information available to us, to decide what is true, what is partly true and what may be false.This is worth noting as vaccine developers are indemnified against any adverse effects vaccine treatments may cause.

  • DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) the double helix two stranded molecule we are all familiar with is the code which carries genetic information, to programme the cells.
  • RNA (RNA Ribonucleic acid) is the single strand molecule which converts that code into proteins to carry out cellular functions.
  • mRNA (m forMessenger) is the  molecule which carries genetic information from the DNA within the cell nucleus to assist in the fundamental process of protein production.
  • Pathogens are microbes that can infect the body and cause illness.
  • Antigens are harmful substances viruses, fungi, or bacteria in or on the cells.
  • Antibodies are produced by the immune system to eliminate infection.
  • Viral vectors are delivery systems,  providing a means to invade the cell to insert the code. Genetic instructions are artificially embedded into the virus vector’s genome.
  • Recombinant vaccine is made by inserting the DNA encoding of an antigen (such as a bacterial surface protein) that stimulates an immune response.

* All of the Covid-19 vaccines are genetically modified. Pfizer with German biotech firm BioNTech both use mRNA that encodes the spike protein. AstraZeneca with the University of Oxford UK,  utilises a viral vector (or carrier) which holds extra genetic material that codes for the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.

Paula Cannon, an associate professor of microbiology at the University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine described the process “It’s really a clever trick.”But stated “The immune system is incredibly complicated and it’s different from person to person… “There’s always a concern when you are trying to trick the immune system — which is what a vaccine does — that you could have unintended side effects,”

A CAUTIONARY TALE

First published 4th November 2020

‘THE MORE WEALTH AND POWER IS VESTED IN ANY PARTICULAR INDUSTRY OR PROFESSION, THE MORE RUTHLESSLY IT WILL PROTECT ITSELF FROM THREATS’

As the world waits anxiously for a safe vaccine the defining factor in whether or not the public will accept it is surely the degree of trust in decision makers. As stated in the prestigious medical journal The Lancet “Immunisation programmes are only successful when there are high rates of acceptance and coverage” Researchers at Kings College, London, found only 54% of people interviewed would take a corona -19 vaccine if it were available, with those under 55, twice as likely to reject it. Concern about side effects was the most common reason given and global figures show that only a third of people polled currently have confidence in  covid-19 vaccine safety.

Participants in some of the studies by Moderna, Oxford, Johnson and Johnson and Pfizer have emerged with reactions serious enough to pause several trials. AstraZeneca has not disclosed the nature of the patient’s illness which caused a pause in their programme.—stating that it “cannot” do so—for now: The New York Times reported that the patient developed transverse myelitis (a central nervous system disorder) citing an unnamed source.  “NIH director told a Senate committee last week that the reason for the trial pause was a “spinal cord problem.” a seeming confirmation. Trials have since resumed.

TRUST THE SCIENCE

There is widespread concern regarding questionable messaging and attempts to circumvent protocols in the race to market a vaccine. An editorial  in The New England Journal of Medicine  (NEJM) marvelled that “the world has now witnessed the compression of six years of work into six months”  Greater transparency is needed to ensure the public are adequately informed. The general belief is that a vaccine will prevent infection, the pharmaceutical companies however, assume that a vaccine will never prevent infection but will reduce the severity of the illness.

While we may choose to trust the science, the public remains cautious regarding governmental links to Big Pharma  rivalry and possible profit motives of private companies. Pfizers CEO announced that permission has been given to administer their so far unproven vaccine to children as young as 12, the first company in the US to include young children in trials. Incentives to clinical trials provide $1200 to $2000 to volunteers, more than 90 parents have expressed interest in volunteering their teenagers.

Continue reading

COVID – THE TEACHER

VIRUSES HAVE BEEN AROUND FOR BILLIONS OF YEARS. The human body is host to multiple viruses at any one time while hormones coordinate 70,000 trillion cells to manage a state of homeostasis. One study showed that 42% of asymptomatic individuals were carrying 30,000 bacteria, 300,000 parasites and some 5 million fungi in the gut while maintaining health.

All species adapt or die: Viruses are agents which have adapted perfectly to survive in any environment.  Viruses cannot live without a host, they seek and identify vulnerabilities and invade with predictable outcome. We believe viruses to be a threat, something to be exterminated – in reality they are a part of the ecosystem of which we are one small part. They can not be eliminated and will respond to our attempt to exterminate them by adapting. The human body is a self regulating ecosystem, a mirror of the planetary energy system,  if we live in harmony with ourselves and others the body maintains health. If humans could live cooperatively rather than competitively the personal and the collective ecosystems would co exist.  Human behaviour is competitive and invasive, scavenging and polluting the environment creating a momentum, culminating in cataclysm. By exploiting each other and global resources we tip the delicate balance, becoming vulnerable to bacterial and viral infection. In effect we are mirroring the virus which  in turn mirrors us.

VIRUSES ARE NOT THE ENEMY, THEY ARE OUR TEACHERS, FORCING US THROUGHOUT HISTORY TO ADAPT OR DIE.

Mankind has faced the challenge of change through the centuries. The Industrial Revolution resulted in a move from farming communities to factory environments supported by over crowded, sub standard housing. Millions worked in unsafe conditions in factories and mines, living in poverty with poor nutrition, in houses lacking ventilation with no sanitation. These conditions created a perfect environment for viruses and bacterial infections to flourish, TB, measles, smallpox and typhoid became endemic. Increased Public Health awareness, improved sanitation, clean water and better housing eliminated the diseases although medical discoveries including antibiotics and vaccination programmes were given the credit.

War and displacement creates epidemics. In the Crimea where British, French, Sardinian, and Turkish troops fought against Russians, of the 1,650 000 soldiers (of all nations), 900,000 died. The majority of deaths occurred not from wounds but from from typhus, typhoid, cholera, and dysentery brought about by the terrible conditions which were rife in army hospitals. Wounded British troops were shipped to poorly staffed medical stations in Turkey. Hospitals had insufficient supplies and soldiers suffered horrific medical and sanitary conditions. Florence Nightingale led a contingent of 38 volunteer nurses who worked towards improved sanitation and nutrition, death rates were reduced dramatically and hygiene became the foundation of nursing.

The post war generation thankfully were not obliged to endure the hardships of their parents and grandparents however, when leisure time increases so does the search for comfort and ease. Seduced by corporate banking the ‘baby boomers’ traded up, mortgaging their futures, oblivious to the true price being paid, only to lose jobs, homes and often families, as the financial bubble inevitably burst. The legacy  of unemployment, homelessness and addiction undermined the health of the nation

The mid 20th century  saw the discovery of seeming miracle drugs and a growing dependency on medical technology, antibiotics and vaccines.

With the rise of medical science, personal responsibility for health was willingly surrendered along with the generational knowledge of herbal remedies and self help skills which had been essential to our grandparents survival. Science and history both confirm that a vacuum is always filled and as we placed our trust in the partnership of doctors, scientists and pharmaceutical companies ‘big pharma’ evolved. Without the knowledge possessed by previous generations and unaware of the impending calamity of Iatrogenic disease ( physical or mental conditions caused by physicians) the public fell victim to profit driven corporate power Continue reading

METAPHYSICS OF COVID 19

Many would agree that mankind appears to  have lost its moral compass, the ability to understand the connection between conduct and consequence. The gods of money, power and status are worshipped by those who ‘have’ and pursued by those who ‘have not’. Superficiality and temporary commitment  are just another means of avoiding pain, leading to further disillusionment.  At times the disconnect seems almost complete. Whether we recognise it or not, we are more than a physical body, our origin is spiritual… we simply need to remember who we are, where we come from and how to get back.

REMEMBERING THE SOUL: Ancient wisdom views the soul as the eternal aspect  of consciousness, residing temporarily in the  physical body. We are connected body and soul through our thoughts and emotions but the pull of the physical world is great… we forget the invisible intangible part of our selves, our true identity. Religions offer various paths to  assist our journey while philosophers attempt to define the exact nature of the soul. Both neglect to impart the wonder of the spiritual essence or radiance with which each one of us is imbued. Without this we forget our true heritage and purpose and become distracted by the world. At birth the soul remains connected to the source  by a non physical umbilical cord, described in the literature as ‘the silver cord’ through which the soul continues to receive intuitive guidance from the non material realm.  At the point of death this cord disconnects from the body in the same way the umbilical cord of the baby is cut to allow separation from the mother at birth. What we term ‘death’ is in reality a spiritual transition. Continue reading

LIFE, LIBERTY and LOCKDOWN – A plea for common sense

In the commendable aspiration of achieving ‘Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness’ it would seem obvious to most of us that LIFE must be the first priority since without it the other two cannot exist.

In the current pandemic all nations are struggling to prioritise the health of citizens in the precarious economic situation. Many American voices are loudly raised in protest at the perception of an infringement of individual rights….the right not to wear a mask or to accept social restrictions. The consequence is increased polarization at a time when national unity is critical to controlling global spread. The number of new reported cases of corona-19 worldwide is increasing faster than ever, at July 17th 13,788,300 cases have been reported globally, the highest number 337,724 in the US.   Despite this there is widespread opposition to even the most basic precautions, viewed as a breach of personal freedom.

IN ONE WEEK THOSE INTENT ON IMPOSING ACTUAL DICTATORIAL REGIMES PROVIDED A STARK REMINDER OF THE REALITY AND SPEED WITH WHICH STATE OPPRESSION CAN BE IMPOSED WHEN SO CALLED GUARDIANS OF DEMOCRACY ARE DISTRACTED BY THEIR OWN SUPERFICIAL SQUABBLES. Continue reading

TRUST ME I’M A DOCTOR

AS THE PANDEMIC GREW WE HAVE BEEN CONSTANTLY TOLD TO TRUST THE SCIENCE WITH THE VOICE OF DR ANTHONY FAUCI  OFTEN PROVIDING WELCOME  REASSURANCE – CONFIRMATION OR DENIAL OF RECENT DISTURBING REPORTS ARE NEEDED TO KNOW THAT OUR TRUST IS NOT MISPLACED.

Dr Anthony Fauci, Director of NIAID (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) is responsible for viral research programmes and an estimated $5.9 billion budget for the fiscal year 2020. Citizens are normally reluctant to peer too closely into the shadowy world of biogenetic engineering however the pandemic and ensuing panic forced us to enquire into a possible cause.  In the clamour for a vaccine we are forced to address unpalatable facts. Becoming strangely  familiar  with terms such as ‘chimera’ (meaning ‘parts of different origins’) we learn that biotechnology involves combining cells of different species e.g. human/mouse, human/dog or human/chimpanzee to create chimeric genes or antibodies from which to develop a vaccine. At which point we either justify the need or choose to look the other way. Continue reading

LOVE IS THE KEY

SEPARATION IN THE LAST DAYS – LOVE IS THE KEY

Among the many difficulties experienced during the Covid-19 outbreak, social distancing has perhaps brought the greatest pain to those facing the ultimate challenge of losing a loved one. Whatever our beliefs we would all hope to have a hand to hold when it comes to the final separation. At this poignant time when all is stripped away, much can be achieved; priorities can change and  past misunderstandings, disagreements or estrangements often dissolve. It is therefore heartrending to think that such opportunities may be lost due to separation but also a relief to remember that even in a deeply unconscious state your loved one retains awareness of the love you have shared and continue to share. As research has shown, consciousness is not limited to the body or defined by distance, so it’s good to remember that we are still able to connect through thoughts and prayers even when circumstances prevent us being present at the bedside.

A BELIEF IN THE SOUL, THAT OUR ORIGIN IS SPIRIT, HELPS US TO ACCEPT LIFE AS ONE PART OF AN ETERNAL JOURNEY. THE SOUL IS THE UNIQUE RECOGNISABLE IDENTITY WHICH SURVIVES THE DEATH OF THE BODY. THOSE OF US PRIVILEGED TO HAVE SHARED THE LAST MOMENTS WITH A LOVED ONE  AS THEY RECOGNISED A NEW REALITY ARE FOREVER CHANGED. Continue reading

 COVID 19 – A CALL TO ACTION

AVOIDING UNPLEASANT TRUTHS DOES NOT MAKE THEM GO AWAY, IT INCREASES RISK AND VULNERABILITY. INFORMATION IS POWER – USE IT TO DEFEAT THE VIRUS.

As the political wrangling and blame game successfully diverts our gaze from the potential health risks facing the public, Covid-19 continues mutating, creating unexpected complex conditions to puzzle molecular biologists and virologists worldwide.

Initially thought to be a pathogen that primarily attacks the lungs, the virus was found to be more complex and more deadly with a potential to affect nearly every major organ system in the body, posing a much more significant threat. Taking positive action is therefore critical in safeguarding health. Common sense precautions allow us  to take appropriate  and timely steps. Don’t wait for the government to do it for you. Continue reading

Who to Bless and Who to Blame

 

First published May 3rd 2020:

A GROWING NUMBER OF CONCERNED VIROLOGISTS HAVE WARNED THAT SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHERS GENETICALLY ENGINEERED THE COVID-19 VIRUS  FROM THE SARS VIRUS TO MAKE A BIOLOGICAL WEAPON.  IF TRUE THIS HAS MAJOR IMPLICATIONS FOR HOW TO MANAGE THE PANDEMIC.

Leading scientists believe Covid-19 is an engineered virus adapted over 30 years as part of a global bio weaponry programme through shared international research labs.  Bio-engineering does not necessarily indicate bio-weaponry, however engineered viruses can be used as a weapon. Offensive biological warfare, including mass production, stockpiling and use of biological weapons, was outlawed by the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention (BWC).  Many countries, including signatories of the BWC, currently pursue bio weapons research under Defence initiatives which is not prohibited by the BWC. Biological warfare  is not limited to any one country, those currently suspected of having biological weapons programmes include: Canada, China, Cuba, France, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, South Africa, Syria, the United Kingdom and the United States. Continue reading

CONTAMINATION: COMPLAIN OR COMPLY

GOVERNMENT WARNINGS REMIND POPULATIONS ACROSS THE WORLD TO CONTINUE TO REMAIN AT HOME EVEN AS EASTER SUNSHINE TEMPTS SOME TO LEAVE.  RESTRICTION OF MOVEMENT AND SOCIAL CONTACT IS CURRENTLY THE ONLY MEASURE TO PROTECT AGAINST VIRAL CONTAMINATION.

Faced with whether to complain or comply with the enforced limitation, we might pause to remember the story of Eyam, a Saxon village in Derbyshire, England ,where seventeenth century villagers set the gold standard for personal sacrifice. Villagers in the Peak District National Park are currently outraged that a steady stream of visitors have ignored government warnings to stay at home to tackle the coronavirus outbreak. Walkers saunter through the picturesque village, which is home to about 1,000 people, perhaps oblivious to its history as ‘the plague village’. Continue reading

COVID-19 – MAINTAINING MENTAL HEALTH

It has long been acknowledged that emotions play a major part in maintaining health.  Today, the focus on mental health is greater than ever before, with an acknowledgement of the role stress plays. The current global pandemic is creating fear and panic due to the accelerating speed of what seems beyond our control. It is therefore vital to understand the body’s response to stress which weakens the immune system, our defence against the virus.

RESEARCH SHOWS HOW THOUGHTS AND EMOTIONS AFFECT OUR HEALTH

The late Candace Pert, a neuro scientist, demonstrated that brain chemistry is regulated by thoughts and emotions via neuro transmitters, brain chemicals called peptides which carry an electrical charge. Bruce Lipton, a molecular cell biologist, discovered that cells respond to environment and can therefore be influenced by positive thought processes. His groundbreaking research demonstrates that DNA is not the primary influence in cell biology as previously believed. This research demonstrates how electrochemical messages are passed between brain cells, then carried by neurological pathways to every cell of the body.  Each cell membrane is covered in receptors which allow chemical transmission. Cells are programmed to respond to signals from the brain by opening receptors appropriately, to be bathed in a nourishing chemical cascade. Where pathogens e.g. a virus, is detected, the receptors close off to limit transmission. Cells do not determine whether a threat is real or not, they simply react. Continue reading

COVID AND OUR BETTER ANGELS

AS WORLD LEADERS ATTEMPT TO MEET THE CHALLENGES OF A GLOBAL PANDEMIC  WE ARE LEFT TO WONDER HOW WE WILL MATCH UP TO THE COURAGE AND SELFLESSNESS OF ANOTHER GENERATION.

The most that is being demanded of us is to remain in our houses except for essential shopping, medical needs or the care of family and friends.  Yet for many it seems, this is too big an ask. Perhaps this is a timely moment especially for the younger generation, to remind ourselves of the sacrifices others made to ensure that we would have the freedom which today many believe is a right rather than a privilege and a responsibility.

With the outbreak of WW2 in 1939,  rationing began, first petrol then food was severely rationed. Everyone was issued with a ration book  to register at chosen shops. Shopkeepers were given only enough food for registered customers and housewives had to find inventive ways to make meals appetising. Rationing led to black markets. with additional non-rationed supplies ‘under the counter’, for those who could afford it. This was a lucrative industry with a maximum five-year jail sentence. Certain foods were unobtainable, many children had never seen a banana and their sweets were rationed until the end of rationing  in 1953. Continue reading

CORONA VIRUS – POWER UP – Activate your Immune Defence System

DEFEATING THE VIRUS BY UNDERSTANDING HOW IT WORKS

Viruses are infectious agents, there are many different kinds, not all are harmful. Viruses are not alive – they are simply a genetic code which carry their own DNA. Viruses are not predators but take advantage of opportunities to invade cells, they  are dormant unless activated. Strengthening our immune system and maintaining a positive outlook is therefore our best defence.

The  definition of a virus is ‘a microscopic particle that can infect the cells of a biological organism using energy for growth and development.’ Viruses cannot reproduce on their own, they  require a host in order to multiply, replicating themselves in the living cells of birds, mammals, plants. They  consist of genetic material contained within a protective protein coat and have a termed life span. CORONA VIRUSES are single-stranded RNA viruses, Corona is Latin for halo, the virus is named for the characteristic ‘fringe’ of rounded or petal shaped projections studding their envelope. This virus family can cause a variety of illnesses including respiratory infections which include SARS-gov-2  (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome ) and MERS-CoV  (Middle East respiratory syndrome). Viruses are responsible for one third of common colds, seasonal flu is a result of several possible strains.                                        Continue reading

CORONA VIRUS – CAUSE AND CONSEQUENCE

CORONA VIRUSES ARE ZOOTIC DISEASES, MEANING THEY JUMP FROM ANIMALS TO HUMANS. SCIENTISTS HAVE STATED THAT THE LATEST STRAIN OF CORONA VIRUS, COVID -19 MUTATED TO INFECT PEOPLE THROUGH ANIMAL – HUMAN CONTACT.

The Wuhan Institute of Virology in China has a laboratory at the highest security level—Biosafety level 4.  Its researchers study coronaviruses from bats, including the one that is closest to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.  (The SARS coronavirus – SARS-CoV  identified in 2003 was believed to be an animal virus originating in bats, which spread to other animals (civet cats). It was first stated  that human spread occurred when contaminated civet cats were eaten in the Guangdong province of southern China in 2002.This has been disputed.

THE SARS VIRUS WHICH INFECTED 8,096 PEOPLE AND KILLED 774 BETWEEN 2002 AND 2004 HAD ESCAPED MULTIPLE TIMES FROM A RESEARCH LAB IN BEJING.

After the  laboratory leak incident of SARS in 2004, the former Ministry of Health of China initiated the construction of Bio safety  laboratories for high-level pathogens such as SARS coronavirus, and  pandemic influenza virus. The Wuhan Institute of Virology lab opened in 2015. Researchers working in the lab must wear specialised Hazmat suits confined to ‘cabinet’ work spaces which confine viruses and  bacteria. Picture: Wuhan Institute of Virology.

Prior to the opening of the lab  scientists had published their concerns  in the scientific journal ‘Nature’  that one of the killer viruses could ‘escape’ and go on to infect members of the public. Continue reading