AVOIDING UNPLEASANT TRUTHS WILL NOT MAKE THEM GO AWAY – IT INCREASES RISK AND VULNERABILITY. INFORMATION IS POWER – USE IT TO DEFEAT THE VIRUS.
As the political wrangling and blame game successfully diverts our gaze from the potential health risks facing the public, Covid-19 continues mutating, creating unexpected complex conditions to puzzle molecular biologists and virologists.
Initially thought to be a pathogen that primarily attacks the lungs, the virus is in fact more complex and more deadly, with a potential to affect nearly every major organ system in the body, posing a much more significant threat. Taking positive action is therefore critical in safeguarding health. Common sense precautions allow a pause to reflect and take appropriate and timely steps. Don’t wait for the government to do it for you.
A CALL TO ACTION – STAY INFORMED
Prevention is better than cure. It is easier to stop something happening in the first place than to repair the damage after it has occurred.
FEAR AND PANIC CREATE VULNERABILITY
Thoughts and emotions directly affect the immune system CLEAR THE MIND – CALM THE EMOTIONS – NOURISH THE BODY
POST VIRAL EFFECTS ARE EMERGING: Cardiologist Harlan Krumholz of Yale University and Yale-New Haven Hospital, who is leading multiple efforts to gather clinical data on COVID-19 explained: “[The disease] can attack almost anything in the body with devastating consequences,” The virus acts like no pathogen humanity has ever seen, Covid-19 is linked to SARS-CoV-2, it targets ACE2 receptors present throughout the body, as an entry point to the cell.
The virus enters the nose and throat, an area rich in ACE2 receptors, once inside the cell it uses the cell mechanism to create myriad copies of itself invading new cells in the upper respiratory tract, at this point symptoms may be absent. The naso pharyngeal swab test reveals its presence.
If the immune system is unable to repel the virus at this early stage, it travels down the windpipe to attack the lungs. The body’s immune response increases as white blood cells flood the area to kill infected cells, many people recover at this stage.
Oxygen exchange occurs in alveoli, the tiny sacs at the end of the fine branches of the lungs which are also rich in ACE2 receptors. In acute cases, alveoli become clogged with mucus and debris and patients develop respiratory distress syndrome, ending up on ventilators in ICU. The cell walls break down diminishing oxygen uptake and the body releases more white cells creating what is referred to as a ‘cytokine storm’. Blood vessels leak, blood pressure drops, clots form, resulting in potential catastrophic organ failure. Drugs used to dampen the cytokine storm can also suppress the immune system, allowing more viral replication.
COMPLEX REACTIONS TO THE VIRUS ARE EMERGING
The virus is now known to affect all ages, GPs in the UK have been alerted by the NHS to an increase in hospital admissions of children amid growing concern that a Sars-CoV-2-related inflammatory syndrome is emerging. In New York City children who tested positive for Covid-19 are currently hospitalized. All needed ICU treatment.This is believed to be a ‘post viral inflammatory response’ linked to Kowaskai Syndrome, a known genetic disorder affecting the immune system. Most children with the condition are asymptomatic for Covid but test positive and can spread the virus. It is known that Kowasaki syndrome can lead to cardiac complications later in life.
A rise in strokes and heart attacks among even young, asymptomatic patients with Covid -19 has also been reported in recent weeks. A tendency to abnormal blood clotting and sudden unexplained low blood oxygen in Covid-19 patients is causing doctors to consider how the virus appears to target blood vessels, explaining why those with diabetes and high blood pressure are at greater risk. Surprisingly, asthmatics are not widely affected, supporting the theory that those with vascular conditions are at greater risk. Doctors are investigating the possibility that the virus may bind to receptors on endothelial cells, which are found on the inside of blood vessels, like veins and arteries, raising the possibility that the virus triggers an immune reaction which results in clotting, increasing the potential for stroke. Blood thinners are now being included in early treatment as a preventative measure.
It is now known that the virus can target cellular membranes in areas rich in ACE2 receptor cells, and can affect the heart, kidneys, gut and brain. SARS-CoV-2 has been detected in blood, sputum, urine, faeces, and respiratory secretions from infected patients
- The kidneys have a rich supply of ACE2 receptors. Cytokine storms can dramatically reduce blood flow to the kidney, causing fatal damage. Unfortunately ventilators boost the risk of kidney damage.
- ACE2 receptors are present in the neural cortex and brain stem. Robert Stevens an intensive care physician at Johns Hopkins Medicine states that the cytokine storm could cause brain swelling while the increased tendency of the blood to clot could trigger strokes.
- SARS-Covid-19 can infect the lining of the lower digestive tract, where the crucial ACE2 receptors are abundant, resulting in gastrointestinal (GI) infection, raising the possibility of fecal transmission.
- One third of hospitalized Covid -19 patients develop conjunctivitis with the potential to transmit the virus via ocular fluids. Healthcare workers are recommended to wear eye protection when dealing with patients who have or may have COVID-19.
STAY CONCERNED – STAY CALM – STAY WELL
TAKE PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR YOUR HEALTH