WEALTH, PRIVILEGE AND PEDOPHILES

JEFFREY EPSTEIN:  A SMALL COG IN A VERY BIG WHEEL

Sexual perversion involves an insatiable hunger, exemplified by Jeffrey Epstein. Pedophiles have a propensity to share their experiences, resulting in a hierarchical system incorporating multiple webs of international affiliation enabled via the internet.  In the most extreme examples this feeds into the global trafficking of thousands of children and vulnerable young people. As facts related to the Epstein case emerge it is becoming apparent that his  billionaire status was a front which hid his true role as a procurer for the rich and famous. His trafficking network was based on blackmail, designed to lure not only the girls and young women but the social elite who preyed upon them, Prince Andrew has been described by victims as ‘being used as bait’. There must now be legitimate concern about potential blackmail evidence emerging which would prove devastating for the monarchy. 

A VIRTUALLY IMPENETRABLE WEB OF DENIAL AND OBFUSCATION CAN ARISE WHEN A MEMBER OF THE ROYAL FAMILY IS  IMPLICATED IN SCANDAL. WHILE NOT AVERSE TO INTERVENING TO AFFECT A PREFERRED OUTCOME, THEY ARE ADEPT AT EXEMPTING THEMSELVES FROM COMPLYING WITH THE LEGAL REQUIREMENT TO ASSIST POLICE INVESTIGATIONS.

There is precedence for Prince Andrew’s reluctance to provide a statement to assist investigations into a sexual predator and his continued friendship after the trial.  In 2015 Prince Charles, along with Cabinet ministers,  MPs, JPs, a Lord and the Church of England hierarchy  (including the Archbishop of Canterbury) were implicated in a ‘cover up’ of the investigation and trial of Anglican bishop, Peter Ball, found guilty of the sexual abuse of minors. First accused in 1993, Ball had cited his royal connections, claiming to have a letter of support from the Prince of Wales. Retired police detective Wayne Murdock discussed with Ball’s legal team ‘the need to prevent a scandal, especially as Peter was a frequent visitor to Sandringham and is friendly with Prince Charles“. Ball  received only a caution for gross indecency against a 16 year old  trainee monk and agreed to resign as bishop.’

Charles remained a friend of Peter Ball for the next two decades inviting him to his home at Highgrove to give holy communion a number of times from 1993 and to read the homily at the funeral of the father of Camilla Parker Bowles in 2006.  The Prince of  Wales  subsequently wrote many letters to Ball. 1994:  “I saw the Archbishop the other day and he told me he is trying to bring you back to a public ministry”.  1995:   I wish I could do more I feel so desperately strongly about the monstrous wrongs that have been done to you”  When Ball informed the prince that Neil Todd was still pursuing his accusations, Charles wrote: ” I’ll see off this horrid man if he tries anything again”  A rented cottage was made available to Ball and his twin brother (also a bishop) for several years on the prince’s estate.

In 2011 police reopened the investigation into Peter Ball and a flood of victims came forward with allegations. Ball wrote to the Prince informing him that the police were reopening their enquiries and subsequently a royal aide contacted the Chief Constable of Sussex Police to ask whether information gathered during its investigation could ‘be embarrassing to Prince Charles or the monarchy in general’.  As the trial approached the prince was asked what he had meant by the statement  ‘l’ll see off this horrid man if he tries anything again”.  Charles’s lawyers and his legal team argued that the future king could not be compelled by the Enquiry to give evidence in person or to make a written statement as this was outside their authority but in a written submission to the inquiry, expressed “deep personal regret” for trusting Ball when initial reports of abuse emerged, years before he was jailed.

At his trial in 2015 Ball was again supported by some of the most powerful people in the land, the ex Bishop of Lewes and Gloucester was jailed after pleading guilty to a string of sex offences and sentenced to 32 months for sexually abusing 18 teenagers and young men, “using “religion as a cloak”. Neil Todd had been so tormented, he made three failed suicide attempts before dying at the age of 38, before the trial. The former Archbishop of Canterbury quit the church as a result of the cover up. Ball was released  in 2017 after serving 16 months and died in 2019.

THE EVENTS MIGHT SERVE AS A SALUTARY REMINDER THAT IT IS THOSE WHO CHOOSE TO LOOK THE OTHER WAY, FOR WHATEVER REASON, WHO ARE AT BEST ENABLERS AND AT WORST CO CONSPIRATORS PERPETUATING THE SUFFERING OF THE INNOCENT.

See also:

Empowerment

An Honourable Man

Epstein: Sex Trafficking – Victim to Co Conspirator

Friends in High Places: Protecting Pedophiles

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EMPOWERMENT

IT IS A MEASURE OF THEIR EGO AND ARROGANCE AND A BELIEF THAT THEY ARE ABOVE THE LAW THAT MAKES CURRENT DENIALS BY THE RICH AND FAMOUS REPREHENSIBLE.

Sexual abuse of minors remains a universal social taboo, the effects are lifelong and often catastrophic, leaving victims powerless with families destroyed. Perpetrators skilfully target victims, deploying a panoply of grooming techniques to ensure their silence is maintained. Sexual abuse is universally the most under reported crime, it is almost impossible to secure a rape conviction.  In the United States the  FBI estimate only 31% of rape cases are reported to police. Of these  5.7% lead to arrests, 1.1% are referred to prosecutors with 0.7% convicted and 0.6% incarcerated. In England and Wales despite rape claims rising from 35,847 to 57,882 during the last four years, the number of people prosecuted has fallen to an all time low with only 3.3%  ending in a conviction. Where the perpetrators enjoy celebrity status, wealth and privilege the odds of prosecution are further diminished.

A PLEA FOR SUPPORT

Virginia Guiffre’s interview (recorded before Prince Andrew’s interview ) has raised more questions for him to answer. New accusers now coming forward are confirming Prince Andrew’s involvement with Epstein.  In order to clear his name it would be a simple matter for the Duke of York to offer his assistance to US lawmakers, something he has consistently refused to do. Ms Guiffre is asking that people believe her account saying that this is not a sex story but one of trafficking with conduct unacceptable from a member of the royal family. Her account has remained unchanged since the court case of 2005 despite the passage of time and much pressure to withdraw her allegations. She now works with survivors of trafficking through her Foundation.

FRAGMENTED MEMORY

The natural response to trauma is to recoil, to run to safety.  Where physical retreat is not possible, the mind and emotions retreat in order to endure what can not be avoided.  It is described by victims as a freezing/numbness, or ‘out of body experience’ which blocks the thought processes. This is a physiological attempt to block out the events. Survivors experience fear and powerlessness, a sense of being trapped with the effect compounded if the abuse is repeated. Long after the event has passed, the mental/emotional blockage remains, resulting in confusion and an inability to process the experience in any meaningful way. Often the only way to deal with such trauma is denial, a self protective mechanism of the mind in order to minimise further trauma.

Memories of sexual abuse are frequently recalled as fragments which are not chronological, further compounding effective allegations through the court system. Deep seated trauma fragments the memory and the ability to piece together events which have occurred, these are often blotted out temporarily or even permanently.  Sequential memory, the ability to place events in the order in which they occurred, requires that the events are first recalled, a traumatic experience in itself, demanding a readiness to commit to therapy. Whether a single act or continuous abuse over decades, sexual abuse is rarely disclosed until many years after the event and often never at all, due to fear of consequences, a fact now acknowledged by international judicial systems.

The recruiter or the abuser will take advantage of confusion, offerring friendship and support to enable further encounters. The recruitment and grooming of victims, is skilfully managed and orchestrated to achieve the desired effect i.e. to gain the trust of the victim. Doubts and uncertainties are skilfully assuaged, building increased confidence first in the recruiter and then in the abuser. The aim is to over ride the natural instinct to avoid risk. Questionable situations, friendships etc are presented as normal and beneficial, inducements are given including friendship, attention and  gifts to convince the victim of the abusers regard. Once  inherent safeguards are broken down, there is a mental collapse which prevents escape, at which point the abuser manipulates the environment to maintain control, often using threats and blackmail.

It is only through the heartbreaking personal stories of survivors that we can begin to gain a sense of their suffering and incalculable loss. They deserve to be heard.

ONE EVENT – LIFE LONG TRAUMA

“I only knew Jefrey Epstein for 5 days during a trip to Zorro Ranch. Epstein took my sexual innocence in front of a wall of framed photographs of him shaking hands and smiling with celebrities and political leaders. I was only 15 years old”

AFTER, HE WANTED TO TALK WITH ME ABOUT WHAT HAD BEEN MY FIRST SEXUAL EXPERIENCE AND DIRECTED ME TO TAKE TIME TO MYSELF THAT NIGHT TO CRY, HE SAID THAT WOULD BE BENEFICIAL TO MY GROWTH.

I had no idea how to respond to a billionaire who had just raped me. After my return to Michigan I was contacted by one of Jeffrey Epstein’s assistants and invited to his island and told that Prince Andrew among others would be a guest. I declined the invitation out of fear. I had only experienced a glimpse of Jeffrey Epstein’s world but it left me with residual trauma which seriously impacted the trajectory of my life from that moment on”

The Jeffrey Epstein Accuser and The Story You Never Heard – Part 1

The teenager went to Epstein’s New York apartment, a maid answered door, she was taken upstairs to a small room with a massage table, as the door shut  she was left alone and felt trapped. Epstein entered, he initially made small talk during the massage, which then became sexual. She froze and felt unable to leave, complying with his instructions. He then handed her money and left, the maid let her out. She was contacted a couple of days later with a further invitation but the teenager had already suffered a breakdown.  A constant anxiety state led to a complete inability to function, talk to people or tell her parents;  substance abuse, suicidal thoughts and manic depression led to years of therapy and her eventual disclosure.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CYNnkAJHk_w

Jeffrey Epstein Accuser Details Recruiting And ‘Grooming’ Process | TODAY

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j7Ix1GBcrIQ

EXCLUSIVE: Epstein victim’s mother talks about first time learning of her daughter’s abuse

See also:

Wealth Privilege and Pedophiles

An Honourable Man

Epstein- Sex Trafficking – Victim to Co Conspirator

Friends in High Places – Protecting Pedophiles

 

 

 

 

AN HONOURABLE MAN?

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ARE WE JUDGED BY THE COMPANY WE KEEP?

There is every indication that Prince Andrew’s involvement in the Epstein scandal is more far reaching than many would like to suppose, causing some to question whether the otherwise inexplicable interview he gave to BBC television was a final act of desperation in light of what may be about to be revealed.  Jeffrey Epstein’s ‘Black Book’ contains the names and numbers of over a thousand high profile, people, including politicians, princes and  presidents, judges, lawyers, professors, philanthropists and benefactors, media and entertainment personalities with more than a few billionaires.  US lawyers are keen to interview them to help with their enquiries. Epstein’s homes were fitted with audio and video recording equipment believed to be for the purpose of blackmail and extortion with reports of audio and video tapes in the posession of law enforcement officers. This week a judge ordered the unsealing of documents related to the previous court case, among them are the flight logs recorded by Jeffrey Epstein’s six pilots. Their content will confirm who flew on Epstein’s private jet, to where and how often. If the old adage ‘We are judged by the company we keep‘ still holds true, Prince Andrew’s feeble defence against accusations linking him as a potential co conspirator to a convicted pedophile are both alarming and insulting to the intelligence of any fair minded person.

With the alleged suicide of Jeffrey Epstein and the reopening of the case files related to his notorious plea deal of 2018, disturbing facts are emerging.

  • US Police, Judiciary, Probation and Prison Service  together stand accused of perverting the cause of justice by withholding information, falsifying evidence and ignoring witness intimidation.
  • In the UK, a credible Child Protection whistle blower’s attempts in 2015, to inform the Metropolitan Police of sexual abuse of under age girls and international trafficking by Epstein were not acted upon, enabling offences to continue.
  • Rumours of intervention by the Royal family to influence Court procedure and to block media coverage of Prince Andrews alleged involvement may yet have consequences for the British Monarchy.

Prince Andrew’s 17 year association with Epstein, began in1999.  He welcomed Epstein and Ghislane Maxwell to Balmoral Castle in the Scottish Highlands and to Sandringham, the private residence of the Queen. In 2000 they both attended a birthday party at Windsor Castle hosted by the Queen to mark the shared birthdays of royals.  Andrew stated the invitations were extended to Ghislane Maxwell, Andrews’ friend, with Epstein merely ‘the ‘plus 1, as it were’. It should be noted that Maxwell has since been named by victims as Epstein’s procurer of young girls and an abuser in her own right. Epstein was invited to the wedding of Andrew’s daughter even after the scandal broke.

In  May 2006, a 14 year old girl accused Epstein of sexual assault, an arrest warrant was issued which led to a major investigation and Virginia Roberts (now Guffrie) testifying that she was trafficked by Epstein and forced to have sex with Prince Andrew on three occasions. The first occurred in March 2001 at Ghislane Maxwells house in London after drinking and dancing at Tramps nightclub. Andrew questioned the authenticity of the photograph with his arm around the waist of Virginia Giuffre, (believed to have been taken there in March 2001)  as he is ‘not openly affectionate in public.’   Andrew’s denial that he even knew where the bar at Tramps was, in  a club he has visited regularly for years, stretches credulity… it is in fact adjacent to the dance floor.  The unflattering description by his accuser that he emerged from the dance floor sweating heavily, was dismissed as ‘impossible’ – due to an alleged medical condition (Hypohidrosis) which prevents sweating. This was described as a disorder linked to adrenalin overload while under fire during service in the Falklands War.  Unfortunately this has been dismissed by medics who state that this rare condition is not triggered by adrenalin but by acetylcholine. Prince Andrew, variously dubbed by the media as ‘the party prince’, ‘Randy Andy’ and  ‘Air miles Andy’  also stated he is at a loss to understand his partying image. Decades of  press photographs would seem to refute  all three denials.   

Andrew denies ever meeting Roberts, though flight logs confirm Virginia Roberts flew to England with Ghislane Maxwell and Epstein in March 2001. Virginia Roberts testified that she subsequently had sex with Andrew at Epstein’s mansion in New York and at an orgy on Epstein’s private island in the Caribbean.  David Rodgers, one of  Epstein’s pilots has now testified that Prince Andrew  and Virginia Roberts flew to Epstein’s private island on April 11th 2001.

 The judge ordered Prince Andrew’s name removed from court documents as ‘improper and impertinent’ sparking rumours of royal pressure.  Epstein was charged with sexual abuse and  trafficking under age girls but  pleaded to a lesser charge under his plea deal. He was eventually convicted of prostituting minors in 2009 and given an 18 month sentence. The notorious plea deal allowed 12 hours ‘work release’ 6 days per week, sleeping in his cell at night. He was driven to his private office by his chauffeur  Visitors were unmonitored and Epstein continued to abuse young women at his office premises. Jail records show he was visited by one of his victims turned co conspirator some 90 times during his sentence..

Epstein was released from prison in July 2010 after serving 13 months.  A welcome home party  held at his New York mansion In December 2010  was attended by members of US media and entertainment elite. Prince Andrew, then 4th in line to the throne, was guest of honour. During the interview he admitted he  ‘was there’  but denied being guest of honour. Other guests included: Woody Allen, historically investigated for the sexual abuse of a 7 year old adopted daughter who had allegedly disclosed the abuse. George Stephanopolis, the former Clinton Campaign Manager who orchestrated the ‘Nuts for Sluts’ promotion to ‘destroy any woman ‘who accused Clinton of sexual misconduct during the Monica Lewinsky scandal. Charlie Rose, talk show host and former Anchor for CBS, later axed due to decades of sexual harassment of employees.

Perhaps the most damning aspect is Prince Andrew’s 4 day stay with Jeffrey Epstein at  his New York mansion in 2010, months after his release from prison,confirmed by the photograph of the two walking together in Central Park. Andrew stated they were never close friends but insisted on a personal visit ‘to do the honourable thing’ by speaking to him face to face to explain that  ‘due to the scrutiny, their contact was no longer appropriate’.  The honourable thing would surely have been, never to have had contact at all and to express regret and compassion during his interview for the survivors of a global trafficking network.

CORRUPTION AND COVER UP

  • In 2009 numerous accusers had again come forward, Detective Michael Fisten, a retired police officer with 30 years service was hired by their attorney to investigate Epstein.  He uncovered a catalogue of corruption and mismanagement involving the judicial system. Meanwhile Epstein tried to silence his accusers, hiring former Miami police officers to discredit and harass the victims. They were paid an extremely large retainer to follow the girls around and intimidate them. Fisten has said he found it inconceivable that people who traveled in Epstein’s social circles weren’t aware of his activities. “Once these girls lost their braces and their pubescent look and started becoming 16-years old or 17-years old, they were too old for him, so then he started using them as recruiters to bring the younger girls,” 
  • In 2015, Amy Robach, anchor for  ABC Television, began a three year investigation into Epstein. Virginia Roberts was approached and interviewed. “She told me everything. She had pictures, she had everything. She was in hiding for 12 years. We convinced her to come out, we convinced her to talk to us. It was unbelievable what we had…“The [British royal] Palace found out that we had her whole allegations about Prince Andrew and threatened us a million different ways,” The completed documentary was due to air but was suddenly pulled. A video tape of Robach venting her anger was later leaked to Veritas, a community action group which defends victims of sexual abuse. Robach stated that the palace did everything to stop the programme airing, including a threat to block access to future royal tours etc.
  • In 2015 Peter Saunders, Founder and  then spokesperson for NAPAC (People abused in childhood)  received a large file of the Florida Deposition This was passed to the Metropolitan Police London in view of implications for the UK. In 2016, the Met. advised that information  received regarding ‘non recent trafficking for sexual exploitation would not progress to a full investigation – the matter is now closed’
    • Hyoid bone in neck fractured
    • Thyroid cartiledge fractured on R and L sidesIn October 2019 Epstein was found dead in his prison cell, defined as suicide. Dr. Michael Baden (Fox News) commented  that Epstein’s autopsy is more consistent with homicidal strangulation than suicide. Dr Cyril Wecht Forensic pathologist with 30 years experience  concurs. He noted bruising and abrasions consistent with defensive wounds, stating that “in thousands of suicides I have never seen all three fractures present as noted in the autopsy”.
  • Following Prince Andrew’s interview,  ABC will air a new documentary in the New Year and the BBC have a full interview with Virginia Guffre in early December.

See also :

Wealth Privilege and Pedophiles

Empowerment

Epstein: Sex Trafficking – Victim to Co Conspirator

Friends in High Places

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HALLOWEEN – TRICK OR TREAT?

On the 31st October each year the ritual of Halloween is celebrated with little or no thought for its origins which lie in the belief that at this time there is a thinning of the veils between the manifest and the astral worlds.  Many  continue to take advantage of this window of opportunity maintaining their traditions of communicating with the spirits of those who have departed this world.  For some this is a positive act of remembrance, for others an opportunity to interact with negative forces. In either case  we are engaging our psychic energy to create a connection, linking the physical and astral realms and should be aware of the inherent vulnerability and need for respect.

OPENING THE DOORS TO THE ASTRAL

The latest scientific research confirms that our thoughts create our environment moment to moment.  We might therefore pause to consider before opening psychic portals by engaging in seemingly innocuous activities which focus on the astral.  Might we in fact unwittingly invite guests of the discarnate variety as we stumble into their domain.  Few of us would open our door to a stranger of questionable character late at night, yet we open the energetic doors to admit frequencies and personalities some of which are at best dubious and at worst potentially hostile.   Whether we accept or deny the reality of dimensions beyond the physical they will continue to exist along with those who inhabit them.   Skepticism is healthy but should be coupled with respect for what we do not fully understand.

Numerous research programmes have determined that consciousness survives the body,  an evolutionary journey which is continuous.  We are the same the moment after we leave the body as we were in life; consciousness, whether in the body or discarnate, evolves in response to our desires and motives.   This should lead us to the conclusion that  just as in the physical reality there are people we would wish to spend time with and others we would hope not to meet on a dark night, discernment is needed if we venture across the threshold of awareness. Here we might pause to consider the significance of auric fields, both the personal electromagnetic energy fields which surround us and the non-local fields normally beyond our conscious perception.  Those able to perceive non physical realms and spheres through clairvoyant, clairaudient and clairsentient faculties, also perceive the conscious personalities who inhabit them.

Since ‘Halloween’ does indeed present us with a ‘thinning of the veils’ why not use the opportunity positively to link to symbolic images associated with the higher vibration, encouraging our children to enjoy their parties, dressing up as elves, fairies, angels, devas, a Mage or Star Ship commander!  The phenomenon of the Harry Potter books has tapped into the natural interest in the supernatural shared by all children, sadly the focus is on manipulation, sometimes blurring the definition between positive and negative forces.

Halloween is a perfect opportunity to remind children of the need for energy awareness.  They will enjoy using the simple Emerald Alignment exercise to feel safe and protected; it is free, quick and easy to use.

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Never Take Sweets From Strangers

TRICK OR TREAT?

How strange that on one specific night of the year, during the hours of darkness, we  allow our children to dress up in costumes which make them unrecognisable, encouraging them to knock on the doors of strangers, often without parental supervision, to  ask for sweets. The ‘trick or treating”   of Halloween is perceived as harmless fun, an opportunity to engage in shared community activities with little or no perception of the potential dangers. Today many US States have passed legislation to ensure that registered pedophiles remain in their homes during Halloween when they are not allowed to give candy to children. New York’s  “Halloween: Zero Tolerance”  law allows state investigators to make unannounced home visits, curfew checks, and phone calls to enforce the laws. In most states violation may incur a felony charge punishable by up to three years in prison. Just as we would not allow our children to venture out alone and unprotected in every day life, we should not invite the attention of those whose motives and intentions may be questionable – whether they reside in this world or another.

We have forgotten the origin and significance of the 2000 year old Celtic pagan festival which was a celebration of natural cycles; a thanksgiving for harvest in preparation for the coming of winter. The festivities also marked the division between the spirit world and our own, it was believed that on this night the veils between the worlds was thinned making communication with departed souls easier.

Halloween has its roots in Samhain (pronounced Sow-en) the Celtic festival celebrated on November 1st, the day which marked the seasonal division of the year between light and darkness. The Celts followed a lunar calendar and festivities began on the eve before, October 31st.  Deceased family and friends were remembered and honoured on this day;  with an awareness that this day unfortunately also allowed other malevolent entities of the spirit world to cross over into the physical. Bonfires were therefore  lit, with torchlight processions of masked revellers wearing costumes depicting the beings who inhabit the underworld. These were worn as a means of disguise in the hope that any unfriendly spirits they might meet would be tricked into believing they were ghosts, ghouls, goblins etc.

The later Christian association comes from the 7th century when All Saints Day was established by Pope Boniface lV  to honour the departed saints of the church. Initially observed on May 13th. the feast day was moved to in the 9th century to November 1st by Pope Gregory lll ,  supposedly in an effort to integrate pre Christian pagan calendars. October 31st was then designated All Hallows Eve (eventually Halloween) a time to pray for the souls of the departed who had not yet entered heaven. Still later, pagan ritual was modified to a more acceptable form, children would dress up and go from door to door asking for ‘soul cakes’ in return for praying for the departed souls, the origin of ‘trick or treat’. The combination of pagan/Christian festival continues today in the more extreme form as in Mexico’s “Los Dias de los Muertos” (The Days of the Dead) when souls are invited to step over the threshold.

What we might ask has this got to do with a 21st century secular holiday? For the atheist or for those who consider a belief in the paranormal to be nothing more than the remnant of superstition. the answer is ‘Nothing’.  Others retain if not a conviction then  a healthy respect for the possibility that we are a soul with a body rather than simply a body with a mind.  Halloween provides an opportunity to pause to consider the potential dimensions beyond the physical realm and those who may inhabit them.

White witchcraft or ritualized magic is the belief in the manipulation of natural forces for benevolent purposes eg healing, it has millions of adherents throughout the world.Today white witches continue to celebrate Samhain a major pagan religious festival on November 1st, commencing on 31st October. There is another form of ritualized magic which is far from benevolent. Satanism is a perversion of the healing arts, the worship of the ‘devil’ (deified evil) as a personification of the ego, which denies God in any form, elevating man as the supreme expression of consciousness. The anti Christ focus of the ‘black mass’ inverts the symbolism and artifacts of the Christian mass as a means of magnifying and directing cosmic forces. Satanic ritual has historically involved both human and animal sacrifice which continues among some adherents today, it has been linked to human trafficking, particularly of children. No surprise then that Halloween remains an important date in their calendar.

IGNORANCE IS NOT BLISS – IT SIMPLY MAKES US MORE VULNERABLE.

 Before we send our children out to have fun, dressed as vampires, ghouls and devils we might pause to consider the astral forces which do not dissolve, simply because we do not believe in their existence. We have the choice to  align to positive or negative force fields and aspects of consciousness and also  to reject them. As in all things decision requires informed choice. It is for each of us to decide whether or not we believe in supernatural forces or a spirit world. If we do, we must surely question whether or not the festival of Halloween potentially opens a portal between the worlds as our ancestors believed.   For those with clairvoyant vision entities are all too real and operate in accordance with natural law – ‘like attracts like’.  This might help us decide what costume we might choose to dress our child in. The increased awareness that consciousness is multi dimensional leads us to a fascinating study of paranormal realms and spheres and the journey of the soul. To be of value it should be more than an academic study, the knowledge should be applied.

‘There are more things in heaven and Earth Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy’                                                                                                           William Shakespeare

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KURDISH ALLIES – A pocket History for Trump

IN THE FIGHT AGAINST ISIS THE KURDS, ALLIES OF THE  UNITED STATES, LOST 11,000 OF THEIR SOLDIERS IN SYRIA.  THERE WERE  6  AMERICAN FATALITIES.

Despite Pentagon and US Intelligence disapproval, the President of the United States ordered the withdrawal of US military troops stationed on the Syrian-Turkey border, effectively abandoning their former allies. President Trump warned Turkey  not to invade the region being held by the predominantly Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces.  Turkey attacked the SDF within 24 hours of US military withdrawal from the region.

“I said to my Generals why should we be fighting for Syria and Assad,  to protect the land of our enemy?  Anyone who wants to assist Syria in protecting the Kurds is good with me, whether it is Russia, China or Napoleon Bonaparte…   ‘the Kurds will now have to figure the situation out”.

‘I HOPE THEY ALL DO GREAT, WE ARE 7,000 MILES AWAY’

TRUMPS  ‘FORTRESS AMERICA’  IS AN ILLUSION EVERYONE ELSE RECOGNISES –  Abandoned by their US allies the Kurdish forces have now struck a deal with President Bashar al-Assad’s Syrian government, which is supported by Russia, to fight against Turkey. There is evidence that the Kurdish forces  are no longer able to guard  the 70,000 ISIS prisoners  and their families who have been seen fleeing their former detention camps. It is anticipated that they will regroup to reconstitute ISIS forces.

 

TURKEY HOSTS 3.58 MILLION SYRIAN REFUGEES, THE WORLD’S LARGEST REFUGEE POPULATION. Prime Minister Erdogan is intent on establishing a “safe zone” in northern Syria.  This would have the dual purpose of repatriating  as many as 3 million Syrian refugees from Turkey while providing a buffer zone to stop Kurdish militants from approaching the southern border of Turkey.

 

SO WHO ARE THE KURDS?

“The land of Karda” is mentioned on a Sumerian clay tablet dated to the 3rd millennium B.C. The Kurdish region of Iran has been a part of the Persian Empire since ancient times. Kurds are an Iranian ethnic group native to a mountainous region of Western Asia known as Kurdistan, which spans south eastern Turkey, northwestern Iran, northern Iraq, and northern Syria. The Kurds are the fourth largest ethnic group in West Asia after the Arabs, Persians, and Turks. Numerically, the Kurds are estimated to number between 30 and 45 million with an estimated 2 million dispersed Kurdish refugees. Most Kurds are either bilingual or multilingual, those in diaspora communities often speak three or more languages.They speak their native Kurdish and the  language of their respective nation of origin, such as Arabic, Persian, and Turkish as a second language.  Kurds  practice diverse religious beliefs, the majority following Islam, other faiths include Zoroastrianism,Yarsanism, Yazidism, and Christianity.

Kurds were well integrated in the Iranian political life  of various governments, the Kurdish community also thrived over the centuries as a generally peaceful and well-integrated part of Turkish society. Hostilities erupted  in the 20th century with the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire and the  emergence of a new secular Turkish State, resulting in the loss of the western portion of Kurdistan. In the summer of 1917, up to 700,000 Kurds were forcibly deported  by the Turks from their ancestral lands and dispersed in small pockets of exiled communities, almost half of them perished.

At the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, as the victorious allies reshaped the post war Middle East, Tehran demanded restoration of all lost territories including Turkish Kurdistan. The demands were rejected by the Western powers. In 1920 the Allies made provision for a Kurdish state in the Treaty of Sevres. Three years later the Republic of Turkey was declared and the Treaty of Lausanne set the boundaries of modern Turkey, no  provision was made for the promised Kurdish State, leaving Kurds with minority status in their respective countries. The Kurds have been fighting for their homeland ever since.The area has since been divided by modern Turkey, Syria and Iraq, fuelling nationalism, rebellions and conflict in those regions. 

ELIMINATING CULTURAL IDENTITY

Several large scale Kurdish revolts in 1925, 1930 and 1938 were suppressed by the Turkish government. Following a military coup of 1980, the Kurdish language was officially prohibited in public and private life. There is ongoing discrimination today against Kurdish society. The words “Kurds”, “Kurdistan”, or “Kurdish” were officially banned by the Turkish government. Many people who spoke, published, or sang in Kurdish were arrested and imprisoned.The Kurds are still not allowed a primary education in their mother tongue and they don’t have a right to self-determination, even though Turkey has signed the UN International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The  PKK, Kurdistan Workers’ Party  is a Kurdish militant organization which has waged an armed struggle against the Turkish state for cultural and political rights and self-determination for the Kurds. Turkey’s military allies the US, the EU, and NATO label the PKK as a terrorist organization while  the UN, Switzerland , Russia China and India have refused to add the PKK to their terrorist list with some offering support.

As world leaders and American Senators unite in condemnation of the withdrawal,  the military confrontation escalates, Donald Trumps predictable solution ‘in his great and unmatched wisdom’ is to threaten to destroy the economy of Turkey. Meanwhile the world awaits the pending Impeachment of the ‘Godfather’ who is America’s President .

 

 

 

See also:

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casualties_of_the_Syrian_Civil_War#Overall_deaths

LINES IN THE SAND – Who created the Middle East?

HEBREW V ARABIC – Language as a Tool of Oppression

EPSTEIN – SEX TRAFFICKING – Victim to Co Conspirator

JUDGE ORDERS  HUGE CACHE OF COURT DOCUMENTS RELATED TO THE SEX TRAFFICKING COURT CASE BROUGHT BY VIRGINIA ROBERTS  GIUFFRE AGAINST JEFFREY EPSTEIN IN 2015 TO BE UNSEALED.  HOURS LATER EPSTEIN WAS FOUND UNRESPONSIVE IN HIS MANHATTAN JAIL CELL, THE DEATH ATTRIBUTED TO SUICIDE.

The papers are expected to reveal the names of numerous men in powerful positions including politicians, academics, financiers and royalty.  There is reason to suppose that some people wanted Epstein dead, causing the suicide verdict  to be questioned. The FBI have opened an investigation into the long list of reported irregularities and  system failures inside the Manhattan jail which include malfunctioning security cameras, guards falling asleep and screams coming from Epstein’s cell prior to his body being found..

The previous case against Epstein collapsed when he accepted an unusually generous plea deal of 13 months, pleading guilty to soliciting a minor, avoiding federal  prosecution for the sexual abuse and trafficking of under age girls. Epstein was permitted to spend 12 hours a day, six days a week at an office rather than the county jail. Attorney Bradley Turner alleged that Epstein ‘engaged in improper sexual contact’ during his sentence. Two women have stated that at the age of 18 they were brought to Epstein’s office where sexual encounters took place with Epstein naked except for a court ordered ankle monitor. Records of work release visitor logs have gone missing.

EPSTEIN, A REGISTERED SEX OFFENDER WAS ALLOWED 90 PRISON VISITS WITH A WOMAN IDENTIFIED BY PALM BEACH POLICE AS HIS UNDERAGE RAPE VICTIM.

Virginia Giuffre maintains that Epstein’s friend Ghislane Maxwell functioned as a madame, procuring under age girls for sexual exploitation by Epstein.  Giuffre was recruited to train as a masseuse while she worked at Mar-a-Lago, the Florida resort owned by President Donald Trump, where her father had a job in maintenance. Giuffre says the massage work proved to be just a cover for sex work and that she was ‘lent out’ to and ordered to have sex with other high profile men, named in the indictment. The financier used his vast wealth to seduce under age girls, offering to pay for school, to pay rent or to help with their careers. It is alleged that Epstein and Maxwell trafficked girls around the world for the sexual gratification of the power elite, suggesting a blackmail operation. 

 In a 2015 lawsuit, Giuffre stated that she was recruited by Maxwell to have sex with Prince Andrew three times, including one orgy, stating: ‘He was an abuser, he was a participant’.   Tony Figueroa, Epstein’s former bodyguard who once dated Giuffre, also testified under oath that she had “sounded scared” about what would happen if she said no to sex with Prince Andrew. Johanna Sjoberg in her sworn testimony as a witness described an interaction she had with Prince Andrew stating he allegedly posed for a photo with Giuffre and Sjoberg in which he placed his hands on Sjoberg’s breasts.

Prince Andrew maintained his friendship with Epstein even after his conviction as a sex offender. The royal prince and Buckingham Palace have issued repeated denials of all claims of sexual misconduct, however there have been previous questionable links to royal association with convicted pedophiles. 

Rinaldo Rizzo, a house manager for Ghislane Maxwell’s friend Eva Dubin, stated he witnessed a 15-year-old Swedish girl become visibly upset, “shaking uncontrollably” when she told him how Maxwell demanded she have sex with Epstein while on an island. When she refused Maxwell took her passport and threatened her.  Sjoberg also recalled being punished after giving Epstein a sexual massage in which he did not orgasm, according to the records.

PROSECUTORS CLAIM EPSTEIN RELIED ON THE LOYALTY AND ORGANISATIONAL SKILLS OF HIS EMPLOYEES TO RECRUIT NEW GIRLS, TURNING VICTIMS CAUGHT IN HIS WEB INTO RECRUITERS.

Nadia Markincova was brought to the US by Epstein at the age of 15. A victim report states that ‘Epstein had purchased Marcinkova from her family in Yugoslavia,’  ‘Epstein bragged he brought her into the United States to be his Yugoslavian sex slave’. He was careful to keep her off any flight manifests until after her 18th birthday.  She participated in sex acts with other victims over a prolonged period and like many victims of sexual abuse she later assisted in procuring girls for Epstein according to court documents. Initially Detective Recarey never sought to charge Marcinkova, likely on account of this information and her age.  A few years later however, Marcinkova was seen as a predator and not a victim by prosecutors, they only agreed to grant her immunity as part of Epstein’s plea deal. There was no mention or record that anyone sought to discuss the rape and abuse Marcinkova endured, or tried to help her seek monetary damages from her rapist

SEXUAL ABUSE IS A COMPLEX ISSUE, COMPOUNDED WHERE VICTIMS ARE UNDER THE AGE OF CONSENT.

The involvement of women as co conspirators in recruiting and coaxing victims into dangerous situations, is a deliberate, effective ploy, designed to create the illusion of safety and acceptable behaviour. Encouraging sexually abusive behaviours in front of, or at the same time as the male abuser, blurs the perception of immature individuals in considering whether this was consensual or sexual assault. Co conspirators  may themselves become perpetrators, engaging in the sexual deviancy and using coercion and manipulation.The question of whether to prosecute someone who both suffered abuse and aided their abuser’s criminal activity is a complex one for law enforcement officials, say attorneys familiar with such cases. 

Public perception of accusers who have benefitted financially or materially from the abuser is often skewed, the abuse viewed as an agreement beneficial to both.  However these women approached girls in various places including near their schools, offering them the opportunity to make money by giving what they described as massages to an older man. They arranged transportation to Epstein’s residences for girls who were too young to drive themselves and handed cash payments to the girls after their encounters with Epstein.

This goes to the very core of what constitutes sexual abuse of minors, deemed to be under the protection of the law because of their vulnerability.The long term psychological trauma inflicted upon minors includes the distortion of values, often leaving them permanently vulnerable to further victimisation. How much greater the confusion created by those hiding behind positions of power and privilege in society.

THEIR GREATEST WEAPON IS SECRECY AND THE KNOWLEDGE

THAT VICTIMS WILL NOT BE BELIEVED.

 “I think the nature of this kind of abuse is that you’re conditioned to be silenced, to be isolated, secretive and shameful,”   Anouska De Georgiou, one of Epstein’s accusers.

See: FRIENDS IN HIGH PLACES – Protecting Pedophiles

BREXIT TO BACKSTOP – Preserving the Status Quo

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THE POLITICAL QUAGMIRE NOW CHALLENGING LEADERS OF THE  EU AND THE  UK, DEMONSTRATES THE HISTORICAL CONSEQUENCE OF CONTROLLING A COUNTRY FOR THE ECONOMIC EXPLOITATION OF THE NATIVE PEOPLE AND THEIR LAND.

The Partition of Ireland  in 1921 created the invisible border which divides rivers, fields and houses, only the road signs written in English or Gaelic remind you that it separates one nation but two countries and two cultures. An estimated 30,000 people pass through 300 crossings daily. Current negotiations threaten much more than a return to border controls and Custom checks, the pending withdrawal of the UK from the EU threatens the Good Friday Agreement of 1998 which ensured power sharing by Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.  Brexit negotiators intent on securing binding agreements acceptable to all, are mindful of border sensitivities and the sectarian divisions which the Good Friday Agreement largely resolved.

The culture and ethnicity of a nation is carried in its DNA,  Ireland was ruled by England for 800 years but fiercely resisted all attempts at Anglicisation. Partition of any country is an acknowledgement of failure to reconcile irrevocable differences, the Partition of Ireland arose out of a policy of religious persecution, colonisation and land dispossession over centuries. The imposition of Protestant domination by British colonists upon a predominantly Roman Catholic population resulted in Irish resistance and eventual Civil War.  The Easter Rising of 1916 by Irish Nationalists seeking independence was violently suppressed by the British government, fomenting opposition and decades of fighting. Under Partition the island of Ireland became the Irish Free State. With 92.6% of the islands population Catholic, the mainly Protestant population of 6 northern counties chose to opt out of the Agreement as anticipated, remaining as part of the United Kingdom with England, Scotland and Wales.

The stated aim of the eventual reunification of Ireland was never achieved, leading to continued conflict. In 1948 under a new Constitution the Irish Free State was named Ireland (‘Eire’ meaning Homeland) and finally gained full independence as a sovereign State and was  accepted into the United Nations in 1955.  Under the  Belfast Agreement,the Irish and British governments agreed that the status of Northern Ireland will not change without the consent of a majority of its population. In the event of a hard Brexit polls have shown that support for Irish unity would dramatically rise creating a potential threat to the continued unity of the UK. 

In 1973, Ireland joined the European Economic Community, initially a trading forum, later to become the EU, requiring loss of sovereignty of its members. Major investment from the European Economic Community, led to the emergence of one of the world’s highest economic growth rates, the ‘ Celtic Tiger’, attracting mass immigration from Asia and Eastern Europe. The new found prosperity ended abruptly in 2008 with the collapse of the global banking system as Ireland entered a recession. Emigration soared and the unemployment rate rose from 4.2% in 2007 to 14.6% by 2012, leading to the largest banking bailout for any country in history

In Northern Island where the Protestant majority held power, catholics were disenfranchised, resulting in violent conflict from the 1970s to the 1990s.  The border region of Londonderry became the focus of ‘the Troubles’ between the Irish Republican Army (IRA) seeking unification of Ireland and the Unionists loyal to the British Crown, resulting in occupation by the  British army in an attempt to restore order.

THE BELFAST AGREEMENT signed on Good Friday of 1998 was a peace initiative which assured both Unionists and Nationalists control of limited areas of government. However breakdowns in trust involving outstanding issues, including “decommissioning” of paramilitary weapons, policing reform and the removal of British army bases continued. There has been no Northern Ireland government for the past 2 years, with policy decisions made in London.

HOW DID RELIGOUS CONTROL COME TO DIVIDE THE ISLAND OF IRELAND?

  • The island of Ireland originally comprised many small kingdoms, territories (known as túatha) governed by chieftains.  In 1169 a mercenary army of the English King Henry ll landed in Ireland at the request of the ousted Irish King of Leinster….they never left. This marked the beginning of 800 years of English military and political involvement in Ireland. The first Lord of Ireland, King John, demanded that the many Irish kings swore fealty to him, granting lands to the English military invaders.
  • By 1492 the European colonisation of America meant that Ireland now occupied a position of strategic importance. Ireland became a battleground between the Catholic and Protestant nations of Europe for control of the north Atlantic sea routes to America. King Henry VIII of England decided to bring Ireland under Crown control, proclaiming  himself King of Ireland in 1541. Along with subsequent English monarchs he granted land, titles and property rights to wealthy English absentee landlords and to Gaelic chieftains loyal to the Crown. In the reign of Elizabeth1st, the Irish aristocracy were required to pledge allegiance to the Crown. The Anglo Irish landowners who had settled in Ireland were increasingly resentful of England’s domination becoming ‘more Irish than the Irish’ and identified as Irish nationalists.
  • From the mid 16th century to the early 17th century The Irish were displaced through a policy of land confiscation and colonisation by the English Crown, known as Plantation. This involved the arrival of thousands of English and Scottish Protestants who became the ruling class. Many were absentee landlords, residing in England, whose loyalty was basically to England. Power was held by a small group of Anglo-Irish families who owned most of the farmland, with the work done by Catholic peasants. The Irish Rebellion of 1641 attempted to seize control  to  force concessions for Catholics, thousands of Protestant colonists were killed or expelled from their homes. The Rebellion failed, resulting in  the collapse of Gaelic Ireland and its incorporation within the British Empire. As retribution for the rebellion most of the remaining lands owned by Irish Catholics were confiscated and given to British settlers.
  • In 1654 the British parliament gave Oliver Cromwell, the Protestant Lord Protector of England, a free hand to banish Irish “undesirables”. Cromwell led the most brutal phase of a war in which the Irish were dehumanised by the English,  More than a half of Ireland’s pre-war population was killed or exiled as  slaves.  Catholics throughout the Irish countryside were rounded up and placed   on ships bound for the Caribbean, mainly the island of Barbados, where many died  due to harsh conditions. By 1655,  50,000 political prisoners had been forcibly shipped to Barbados and into indentured servitude.

  The annual commemoration of the Battle of the Boyne of 1690, unfathomable to most onlookers, is marked by marching bands of the Orange Order.  It remains a border flash point for religious sectarianism  between Catholics and Protestants  today, with Catholics viewing the parades as provocative. The celebration marks a point in English history when a Protestant system of monarchy was deemed to be under threat.  King James ll was the last Catholic king of England, the birth of his son assured a Catholic ascendancy. James was supported by Irish catholics seeking to reverse the land confiscations of former monarchs, sparking a revolution. James fled the country and was deposed, the Dutch Prince, William of Orange acceding to the throne. In a last effort to regain his crown, the armies of James met William at the River Boyne in Northern Ireland, where James was outnumbered and defeated. The reign of King William lll secured a Protestant monarchy and the preservation of English power in Ireland.

By the 1780s the Irish Parliament became independent but remained under the supervision of the the king and his Privy Council. Land ownership remained a central issue, some 10,000 English families owned practically all the farmland in Ireland, with absentee landlords, permanent residents of England renting land out to Irish tenant farmers, who suffered violence and eviction when they were unable to pay their rents.  The Rebellion of 1798 followed. In 1800 the Irish and the British parliaments created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Catholics however were not granted full rights until 1829.

In 1845 the catastrophe of the Great Famine struck Ireland, over a million people died of starvation, as a direct result of the English Free Trade policy. Produce of Ireland including the thousands of tons of grain that could have saved them was instead shipped out of the country to England. In addition over a million refugees fled the country, mainly to America, to avoid disease and starvation. Starving Irish people were forced to work on public projects before they could receive food donated by the English government.

Attempts to break away from Britain continued, the Home Rule Act 1914 was won but suspended with the outbreak of WW1. In 1916 the Easter Rising carried out by members of the Irish Volunteers, the socialist Irish Citizen Army was violently suppressed, turning public opinion against the British establishment. By 1917 a series of Land Acts enabled Irish peasantry to buy back their land previously confiscated by the English, by means of agreed long term loans, providing small parcels of land to grow fruit and vegetables,  This strategy of ”killing Home Rule by kindness”  ended the era of the absentee landlord.

IN THE 1919 ELECTIONS SINN FEIN, THE PARTY OF THE REBELS, WON THREE QUARTERS OF ALL SEATS IN A 32 COUNTY IRISH REPUBLIC, BEGINNING THE TRANSITION TO A FULLY INDEPENDENT STATE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

A POCKET HISTORY OF CENTRAL AMERICA FOR TRUMP

‘WE ARE HERE BECAUSE YOU WERE THERE’

As Americans currently grapple with the sense of being overwhelmed by a sea of immigrants,  the refrain “We are here because you were there” reminds us of the cause and inevitable consequence of colonisation and uninvited incursion into other lands. The safety of its citizens is the primary responsibility of every government and few would argue that this should not include the security of its borders. The question of how they are secured and why, is the factor now dividing America. 

Successful immigration is entirely dependent upon acceptance and assimilation and this takes time. Opposition to immigrants includes numbers, timing, employment prospects, ethnic differences, race and religion and political ideology.  Any of these can be used to instil fear, the threat that the host community will be overwhelmed and irrevocably changed, because social change is an inherent aspect of immigration. When viewed positively this is seen as enriching communities through diversity, with cultural traditions maintained and encouraged. In general people prefer to remain within their home countries if basic needs are met and opportunities are available. Mass migration is always triggered by a threat to survival.

It is no coincidence that many seeking refuge are coming from Central American countries, the Northern Triangle of  Guatamala, El Slavadore and Honduras, followed by Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica and Belize. These countries endured colonisation under the Spanish from the 1500s with the British and the Spanish later fighting for control until the British  turned their attention to colonisation of North America and Canada. In 1823 the United Provinces of Central America (Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador) gained independence from Mexico, each achieving independence  in the 1830s. Theodore Roosevelt in 1904 declared the U.S.’s right to exercise an “international police power” in Latin America, the US has influenced the region ever since. 

The World Bank estimates that close to 60% of people in Honduras and Gutamala live in poverty.  In 2016 alone, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) intercepted nearly 46,900 unaccompanied children and more than 70,400 family units from El Salvador.  While poverty and injustice remain the key reason to abandon homeland and family to trek across countries and sometimes continents in search of something more, a terrifying spectre of unimaginable violence is emerging as a primary cause.   Gang violence and drugs cartels control communities throughout Central America, with an estimated   65,000 active gang members supported by a network of hundreds of thousands. Salvadorian boys as young as 12 are forcibly recruited to gang membership, with girls forced into becoming sex slaves. Both genders are prostituted, their families are threatened with death if they refuse to join the gangs. Lack of a warm welcome is insufficient to deter those fleeing such horror, their primary focus is to remove their children before they are victimised.

WALLS, FENCES AND BORDER CONTROLS WILL PROVE INEFFECTUAL IN HOLDING BACK THE DESPERATE TIDE OF HUMANITY FLEEING FOR SURVIVAL UNLESS THE CAUSE IS ACKNOWLEDGED AND ADDRESSED.

  • Democracy and stability in the region have been undermined by a century of colonial rule followed by US backed military coups’ which have created vacuums of power filled by paramilitary alliances and drug cartels.
  • A Free Trade Agreement between the US, the Dominican Republic and five Central American countries restructured the regions economy, giving global multinationals increased influence over domestic trade and regulatory protections.
  • Huge trade imbalances have resulted in economic dependence upon the United States which repeatedly threatens and imposes sanctions. 
  • In 2014, the US threatened to withhold almost $300 million worth of developmental aid, unless Al Salvadore ended preference for locally sourced corn and bean seeds under its Family Agriculture Plan.

EL SALVADORE:  In 1932,  peasants rebelled  against the ruling families. The United States and Britain owned the  the majority of coffee plantations and railways controlling exports and sent naval support to quell the rebellion. Some 40,000 rebels were killed in the conflict.  In 1944, a popular bloodless revolution ousted the government, coup and counter coup followed. In the Kennedy era of 1960, the US supported a right wing coup and secretly opposed holding free elections in Nicaragua.  A US funded Civil War raged between 1980 and 1992, with the US administration training Salvadoran death squads who in 1981 went on to commit a civilian massacre in the village of El Mozote, killing at least 733 unarmed civilians including children. The UN  states 85% of civilian deaths were committed by the Salvadoran military and the death squads. Under the tariff reduction model of CAFTA-DR, all U.S. industrial and commercial goods enter El Salvador duty free, creating impossible conditions for domestic industry to compete. As of 2016, the country had a negative trade balance of $4.18 billion.

NICARAGUA:  US Marines had occupied Nicaragua to protect US interests since the country’s civil war of 1912. In 1927 a major peasant uprising led by Sandino ‘the general of the people’ was launched by landless peasants, against both the U.S. occupation and the Nicaraguan establishment.  In 1933, the U.S. Marines withdrew leaving the National Guard in charge of elections. Somoza Garcia, the head of the National Guard, murdered the opposition leader and assumed the presidency establishing a US supported dictatorship which his family controlled until 1979.  A popular uprising ‘The Sandanista Peoples Revolution’ overthrew the corrupt Samoza government which had stolen millions of dollars  given in aid for earthquake victims.  As the ‘Sandanista’s sought to establish governance, the Carter administration moved quickly to support remaining Somoza loyalists with financial and material aid. The Ronald Reagan presidency directly funded support to an anti-Sandinista group, called the Contras. When this was prohibited by Congress, Reagan continued the funding through covert arms sales.  (i.e. Iran-Contra scandal).

The Republic of Nicaragua v. The United States of America:  In 1986 the International Court of Justice in The Hague ruled in favour of Nicaragua and against the United States. The ICJ held that the U.S. had violated international law by supporting the Contras in their rebellion against the Nicaraguan government and by mining mining Nicaragua’s harbours. They ordered the United States to compensate Nicaraguans for acts of terrorism committed during the Reagan administration. The United States refused to participate in the proceedings, stating that the ICJ lacked jurisdiction to hear the case after the Court had rejected their argument.  The Court found in its verdict that the United States was “in breach of its obligations under customary international law not to use force against another State”, “not to intervene in its affairs”, “not to violate its sovereignty“, “not to interrupt peaceful maritime commerce”.  Although the Court called on the United States to “cease and to refrain” from the unlawful use of force against Nicaragua under customary international law and ordered it to pay reparations, the United States refused to comply. When Nicaragua appealed to the UN in 1986, the United Nations General Assembly passed a non-binding resolution by a vote of 94-3 urging the U.S. to comply.  It did not and as a permanent member of the Security Council, the U.S. has been able to block any enforcement mechanism attempted by Nicaragua.

THE MYTH OF ‘AMERICAN EXCEPTIONALISM’  (THAT AMERICA IS UNIQUELY VIRTUOUS AND DESTINED AND ENTITLED  TO PLAY A PRE-EMINENT ROLE ON THE WORLD STAGE)  CAN BE LIKENED TO THE EUROPEAN  BELIEF IN COLONISATION.

EACH LED TO THE RISE OF EMPIRE, CORPORATE PLUNDERING AND MILITARY INTERVENTION IN NATION STATES.  EMPIRES ALWAYS FALL BUT AT THE POINT OF DECLINE ARE BLINDED BY THEIR CERTAINTY THAT GOD IS ON THEIR SIDE.

See :  Days of Revolt: America’s Death Squads:  https://youtu.be/TN6InTMWt7Q

See:  America The Beauitiful

 

 

 

 

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AMERICA THE BEAUTIFUL?

“Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed, to me:
I lift my lamp beside the golden door.”

THE WORDS HAVE A HOLLOW RING TODAY as the world views the horrific photograph of a little girl not yet 2, clutching her father, Oscar Alberto Martinez Ramirez, as both were swept to their deaths in the Rio Grande in an effort to seek asylum. Their mother Tania Vanessa Avalos, 21 watched as they drowned. The family  made their way to Mexico from El Salvadore, then spent the last two months in a migrant camp waiting for an appointment to apply for asylum to enter the US. A shelter director said that only 40 to 45 asylum interviews were being conducted there each week while there are 800 to 1,700 names on the waiting list. Ramirez became frustrated by the delay and decided to attempt to swim across the river. He deposited his daughter on the far bank and went back to assist his wife to cross but the child became confused and followed her father back into the water. Both drowned in the strong undercurrents as he tried to save her.

Desperate migrants continue to heed that call to ‘enter the golden door’ only to end up incarcerated in camps or turned around. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)  is unable to process the thousands fleeing violence and economic hardship, many from Latin American countries affected by gang violence and poverty. The number of children separated from their families and held in camps at the end of 2018 was estimated at 15,000, the accurate figure today is unknown with many of the children unaccounted for.

The US government went to federal court this week to argue that it is not required to give detained migrant children toothbrushes, soap, towels, showers or an opportunity to sleep inside Border Patrol detention facilities. Government lawyers described the temporary detention facilities as “safe and sanitary” despite the deaths of at least six child migrants  since September, mostly after falling ill at detention facilities in the Rio Grande Valley.  Last month, in the largest temporary detention center in McAllen, Tex., CBP had to quarantine 32 migrants who were diagnosed with the flu, soon after a 16-year-old boy from Guatemala died. He had been diagnosed with the flu at the same overcrowded facility where dozens of migrants are held behind chain-link fences in pens, sleeping on mats on the concrete floor with aluminium foil blankets. The children complain they are unable to sleep because lights are kept on at all time.

IS AMERICA IN DENIAL? WHAT CONTRIBUTED TO THE MORAL AND SOCIAL DECLINE – COULD IT BE GREED – A RELUCTANCE TO SHARE?

Today more than 1 in 8 Americans are immigrants and almost all are descended from immigrants. Less than 2% of the population have Native American ancestors. Life expectancy in the US ranks 39th in the world at 79.5 but has been falling for the past three years due to rising suicide figures not seen since WW2.
CDC: US Suicide Rates Highest Since WWII, Native Americans Most Affected | Newsmax.com  Although the US has the largest economy in the world it does not have the highest GDP per capita, ranking 19th behind small countries like Luxembourg.  In the most recent World Happiness Report the US ranks 15th out of 30 countries scored. For the Ramirez parents and hundreds of thousands like them it still outranks the horrors of their homeland. 

 

Animated Map Shows History Of Immigration To The US- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fe79i1mu-mc