Examination of the Shroud of Turin using the latest technology continues, photogrammetric restitution has revealed previously unknown phenomena which opens up new horizons for science. The geometrical data was obtained by enlarging very small sections of photographic negatives using high resolution scanning. Restitution geometry determines shape, size and position of an object in space. The shroud images showed flawless contours produced by radiation ‘while the body adopted different positions indicating it was moving‘.
The phenomenon of the Shroud is similar to stroboscopic photography which captures a rapid series of images of a moving object on a single frame, using a flash that emits multiple quick bursts of light. Multiple images superimposed on the Shroud during the short bursts of energy transmission create a blurring effect, due to movement of the body.
The marks on the shroud correlate with the traditional account of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Crucifixion cuts the radial nerve (the major nerve running through the arm to the wrist and the palm) causing the thumb to flex inwards to the palm. A series of Restitution images show movement of the thumb from the palm to between the fingers. Continue reading
The definition of a miracle is ‘an extraordinary and welcome event that is not explicable by natural or scientific laws and is therefore attributed to a divine agency‘. Religion is a mystery yet science continues to establish evidence of miraculous events. In a cynical world where religious ritual is widely dismissed and a belief in divinity is viewed incredulously, how then can we explain the laboratory experiments which leave scientists bewildered by their own results? While respect for all religious traditions is paramount, the Catholic belief in ‘Transubstantiation’ is perhaps one of the most difficult to accept, with many even among the faithful interpreting this sacrament as symbolic rather than literal. Holy Communion is the foundation of the Christian church, a sacrament honouring the request of Jesus Christ to his disciples at the meal he shared with them prior to his death which became known as ‘The Last Supper’. The gospels refer to this event: ‘And he took bread, and gave thanks, and broke it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.’ Luke 22:19…….. ‘I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.’ John:6:50. ……“This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you”; “drink ye all of it”; “this do ye…in remembrance of me”; “and they all drank of it” (Luke 22:20, Matt. Continue reading
SCIENCE AND FAITH ARE NOT INCOMPATIBLE
The human blood on the Shroud of Turin traditionally believed to be the cloth which wrapped the body of Jesus in the tomb has repeatedly been confirmed by DNA testing as blood group AB. Even more surprisingly, blood on the cloth(the Sudarium) which is believed by many to have covered the face of Jesus has also tested AB.
Jewish funerary tradition demands that if the face of a dead person was in any way disfigured, it should be covered with a cloth out of respect for the deceased. According to the biblical account Jesus was afforded a Jewish burial, highly unusual as crucifixion victims were normally left on the cross for days with the body later deposited in lime pits. The biblical account of the disciples entering the empty tomb describes the shroud and the cloth lying separately. ‘Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie,and the napkin that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes but wrapped together in a place by itself”. (John 20:7)
Skeptics understandably dismiss such biblical accounts, however, when Nasa scientists placed the image of the Sudarium and the shroud over each other they matched perfectly. New research establishes some 20 points of correlation between the Sudarium and the Shroud of Turin. The standard of proof used by most judicial systems around the world to confirm correlation between items requires only a match of 8 to 10.
The history of the Sudarium cloth is well documented, it was originally brought from Jerusalem and has resided in the Cathedral of Oviedo in Spain since the eighth century.
- The markings show distinct matching facial geometry; the length of the nose through which the pleural oedema fluid came onto the sudarium has been calculated at eight centimetres, just over three inches, exactly the same length as the nose on the image of the shroud; there is also an exact correlation with the beard.
- Two bloodstains caused by the ‘crown of thorns’ on the forehead of the man in the shroud show a correspondence with the bloodstains of the Sudarium, the thorn wounds on the nape of the neck also coincide perfectly.
- Botanical researchers Professor Danin and Uri Baruch confirm that of 141 pollens and spores found on the Sudarium which was brought to Spain, 99% are from the Mediterranean region including Jerusalem but not from Spain.
- The research group of the University of Murcia which is studying samples of the Shroud of Oviedo, has discovered a grain of pollen from one plant that, according to the pollen expert Marzia Boi, is compatible with the botanical species of ‘Helicrysum’ This plant, used for thousands of years for cosmetic purposes in the Middle East; also was used in Jewish burials during the first century of the Christian era.
Small bunches or bouquets of flowers were placed alongside the body of the man of the shroud, leaving the imprints and pollen grains on both cloths. Professor Danin identified two pollen grains of the species Gundelia tournefortii as native to the Gaza Strip Israel. They are seen near the image of the man’s shoulder on the shroud and also found on the Sudarium, The pollen is adhered to the blood; this means that the pollen arrived on the shroud at the same time as the blood, not at some later point. This fact is significant because it makes it possible to disprove the claims that the Sodarium of Oviedo is a Medieval fake since pollen grains are only visible through a microscope and were unknown in medieval times.
Juan Manuel Miñarro authored a study sponsored by the Spanish Center of Sindonology, (shroud investigation) and recently concluded: “We have come to a point where it seems absurd to suggest that ‘by happenstance’ all of the wounds, lesions and swelling coincides on both cloths,” Jorge-Manuel Rodríguez, centre’s president stated: “Logic requires that we conclude that we are speaking of the same person.”
EXAMINING THE EVIDENCE FOR CRUCIFIXION AND THE SHROUD OF TURIN
The image on the Shroud is of a man 5 feet 10 1/2 inches tall, about 175 pounds, estimated to be between 30 and 35 years old. The body is covered with scourge wounds and blood stains on the shroud match the wounds described in the biblical account of the crucifixion. The blood grouping is now confirmed as AB, the rarest group shared by only 3% of people worldwide. Scientists investigating the shroud have now shown a match between pathology, anatomical details of the wounds sustained and the manner of death.
Numerous surgeons and pathologists (including Dr. Frederick Zugibe (Medical Examiner – Rockland, New York), Dr. Herman Moedder (Germany), the late Dr. Pierre Barbet (France), and Dr. David Willis (England)) have studied the pathology. They all agree that the wounds as depicted on the Shroud clearly match the biblical account of the crucifixion and that the wounds are consistent with the weapons used by ancient Roman soldiers in Crucifixion. Dr R Bucklin, Forensic Pathologist from Los Angeles County states: “The evidence of a scourged man who was crucified and died of suffocation is clear cut. The markings on his body are so clear and so medically accurate that they are in my opinion beyond dispute”
The 120 scourge marks on the front and back, and legs of the man of the shroud match the flagrum or flagellum, a Roman whip which has three leather thongs, each having two lead or bone pellets (plumbatae) on the ends, designed to cut into the flesh. The direction of the lash marks indicate two soldiers were striking him, one on each side. Continue reading
TEXTILES, BOTANY, THERMOGRAPHY, HAEMATOLOGY, COINAGE
ATOMIC RESOLUTION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY, CRYSTALLOGRAPHY,
The Shroud of Turin is believed by many to be the piece of cloth which wrapped the body of Jesus in the tomb, debate has continued for centuries as to its authenticity. Science continues to build a composite picture of the man in the shroud and has determined beyond doubt that this cloth uniquely woven, wrapped the body of a male of Jewish ethnicity, blood group AB, who died as a result of severe trauma. Minerals found in the area around the walls of Jerusalem are also found on the shroud. The subject was buried in accordance with 1st century Jewish funerary rites with coins of the era covering his eyes, the body prepared using aromatic oils and floral tributes associated uniquely with the area of Jerusalem.
The shroud is said to have been brought to Europe by the Templars.The first images of the face on the shroud were taken when an amateur photographer developed the photographs he had taken in the cathedral; the negative image clearly showed an image of a face. No trace of forgery or scientific explanation has been found. In 1988 the Catholic church gave permission for radio carbon dating, the findings, later shown to be flawed, stated that the cloth was a medieval forgery, testing the faith of many believers. A new examination, the results of 15 years of research, dates the shroud to between 300 BC and 400 AD, which would put it in the era of Christ. Giulio Fanti, a professor of mechanical and thermal measurement at Padua University, and Saverio Gaeta, a journalis, used infra-red light and spectroscopy (the measurement of radiation intensity through wavelengths) in the test. Continue reading
Alchemy – the very word conjures up visions of medieval sorcerers poring over their crucibles in an attempt to turn base metal into gold. Although great efforts were indeed made by medieval alchemists to achieve such ends, the true meaning of ‘alchemy’ has been distorted and lost through the Ages. While the dictionary may state that the origin is French ‘alquemie’ meaning ‘mixture’, we must go back to pre history for the true origins. The word alchemy is derived from Khem, the original name for the land of Egypt which took its name from ‘the Khema’ a group of seven stars in the constellation of Taurus, known today as the Pleiades. The prefix Al was added much later through Arabic Egyptian assimilation. Continue reading
My intention in writing this article was to pose the question: Is technology driving us towards a godless society? As a starting point I decided to google ‘God’ simply to obtain a definition, expecting of course that there would be several. Of the the first 3 references: 2 referred to the release of the film Godzilla which grossed $93 million dollars in its opening weekend and $518,369,590 within weeks. The third reference was to the web hosting giant ‘godaddy’. None of the remaining references related to a Creator, a Supreme Being or a Deity. God, whatever we assume that word to mean, would seem to have been supplanted in the mass consciousness by commercialism and entertainment; the question however remains – what part if any does technology play in this?. Continue reading
Cosmic Astrology is a divine science which investigates the configuration of planetary bodies and their influence upon human conduct and behaviour. The New Age movement places great value on free choice as opposed to indoctrination, this is not coincidental but rather a reflection of the energy of the Aquarian Age. Free thinking, Innovation and enlightenment are words which express Aquarian energy in its positive form; it is not surprising therefore that at this point many might feel an ambivalence towards prescribed religious dogma with a yearning for spiritual enlightenment in another form. The very word ‘religion’ (from the Latin ‘relegare’ meaning to tie or bind) seems to indicate restriction and limitation yet it denotes a binding to God as opposed to the sensory pull of the physical world. We can therefore be spiritual without being religious but should not aspire to be religious without being spiritual!
‘Light bodies’ can seem like a euphemism unless we understand the basic structure and anatomy of the subtle energy system. We acknowledge that human beings operate from a gross physical body, influenced to some degree by thoughts and feelings which reflect individual personality. We are taught that thoughts are a response to chemical interaction in the brain and that emotions are a response by the endocrine system to the neurological processes. Both statements are partially true but fail to take into account the primary stimulus.What is it that activates the brain chemistry and triggers sensory reaction? The answer is Light. A photon is the smallest measurable element of electromagnetic radiation, a form of radiant energy, the origin and movement are as yet little understood.
Biological research now proves that cells communicate with each other through a process of electrical discharge. Biophotons (from the Greek βίος meaning ‘life’ and φῶς meaning ‘light’) act upon the entire electromagnetic spectrum transferring information through each of its layers. Biophotons emitted by the human body therefore modulate fundamental physiological processes. (See: Molecules of Emotion by Candace Pert) Continue reading
Healthy organisms are light dependent
While familiar with physical anatomy most people remain unaware of the structure of subtle energy anatomy.Throughout time mystics, saints and masters have described what we now know to be the electromagnetic field confirmed by science.
While the physical body is justly acknowledged as miraculous in its complexity this is only one part of our story. Our origins are spiritual, we inhabit an infinitely more amazing structure of form and formlessness incorporating bodies of light which resonate to as yet unimagined spheres of frequency. It has been said that God must have a sense of humour for the encapsulated light bodies which are the matrix of our fullest potential might be likened to fields with gates; unless we can unlock the gates we can not enter the next field. Our perception remains limited by the belief that our field is the only one, that we have in fact arrived. Continue reading