GOVERNMENT WARNINGS REMIND POPULATIONS ACROSS THE WORLD TO CONTINUE TO REMAIN AT HOME EVEN AS EASTER SUNSHINE TEMPTS SOME TO LEAVE. RESTRICTION OF MOVEMENT AND SOCIAL CONTACT IS CURRENTLY THE ONLY MEASURE TO PROTECT AGAINST VIRAL CONTAMINATION.
Faced with whether to complain or comply with the enforced limitation, we might pause to remember the story of Eyam, a Saxon village in Derbyshire, England ,where seventeenth century villagers set the gold standard for personal sacrifice. Villagers in the Peak District National Park are currently outraged that a steady stream of visitors have ignored government warnings to stay at home to tackle the coronavirus outbreak. Walkers saunter through the picturesque village, which is home to about 1,000 people, perhaps oblivious to its history as ‘the plague village’.
In 1666 the ‘Black Death’ swept through Europe eventually killing some 50 million people. There was no treatment and the disease was fatal. The only way to limit contagion was isolation.The disease had first reached Eyam when a bale of tailors cloth arrived from London where the disease had already killed thousands. The damp bale contained fleas carrying the plague. George Viccars a tailor’s assistant was said to have opened the bale and hung the cloth in front of the hearth to dry, unwittingly stirring the disease-ridden fleas contained within the parcel. He became the first victim.
Between September and December 1665, 42 villagers died and by the spring of 1666, panic swept them with many on the verge of fleeing their homes and livelihoods to save themselves. A newly appointed rector along with his predecessor called a village meeting, informing the parishioners that the village should be quarantined to avoid the plague spreading to nearby villages. They were informed that if they agreed to what was effectively a death sentence, the Earl of Devonshire living nearby on the Chatsworth House Estate had offered to send food and supplies. The rector promised to remain with them and a collective decision was reluctantly made to agree. The Earl of Devonshire who lived in the nearby Chatsworth House arranged for food and medicine to be left at the southern boundary of the village
The summer was hot and the plague spread. Throughout the following 14 months, human contact, especially with those outside of the village was basically eliminated but hardly anyone broke the agreement to stay. Instead of going to local markets for their supplies, Eyam’s residents left money in the stream outside their village in exchange for goods, vinegar was used as a disinfectant to cleanse the coins through fear of catching the disease. Families buried their own dead and when the stonemason died they engraved their own headstones on the graves.
They had all perished in the space of just eight days. Elizabeth was one of the few survivors.
Villagers met for worship in the open air, limiting their contact to small groups, perhaps the first example of ‘social distancing, The rector’s 27 year old wife contracted the plague after tending to many of the dying. The couple went for a walk in the nearby hills to gain some respite; Elizabeth died the next day and he quickly followed. On November 1st Abraham Morten a farm worker in his later twenties became the last person to die, he is one of 18 of his family listed as victims in the Parish Register.
Unquestionably, the restraint shown by the Eyam villagers significantly reduced the spread to other towns and villages, saving countless lives. It is estimated that less than a quarter of the village population survived, sacrificing their lives for strangers in the nearby towns.